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The Players

This is a list of people involved to some extent with the Codices, broken down into three groups:

Individuals who are promoting the Codices.
"The Team"
Individuals who "are" on (or have "left") David Elkington's "team."
Individuals who have been involved with the Codices, quoted in the media, or are experts who have made comments on the Codices' authenticity.

David Elkington


David Elkington (also known as "Paul Elkington") has claimed "For 20 years [he] has been led on a revelatory trail through world mythology, linguistics and philology into geophysics, architecture, acoustics, music, neuro-physiology, theology and still further into the all-encompassing, resonant atmosphere of the planet," as well as experience as an "Egyptologist" and an "Archaeologist." His book, "In the Name of the Gods" claims to have found the "acoustical origins of religion."

Jennifer Elkington

Public Relations Manager.

Jennifer Elkington (nee Solignac), David's second wife, claims she "spent two years working in the contemporary art market in Paris before being enticed into the world of classical music, producing concerts and operas as well as managing a number of internationally renowned conductors, opera singers and piano virtuosos. She then worked as a PR consultant in an agency for a year before starting up her own business, Jennifer Solignac Associates, specialising in Public Relations, Marketing and Event Management, representing clients in interior design, travel, property, consumer goods with a particular interest in publishing."

Wayne Hershel


"As far as I am concerned, the material found in just nine of the books seen so far, coincides with the whole spectrum of my previous research into humanity’s beginnings here on earth."

Hassan Saeda

(Alternately: "Saida," "Sa'aida") An Israeli Bedouin "truck driver" who claims that the codices were discovered by his great-grandfather in a cave over a 50 years ago. Some time in June, Elkington claims Saeda revealed to him that "he and his cohorts had made 500 forgeries of various of the codices and put them into the Jerusalem market."

Ilan Shibli

Another Bedouin who works with Saeda, "trading hay and horses on the Jordinian border" and claims that he was the first one to make contact and obtain the codices. He claims that Saeda got involved after him, with the story.

More about Ilan Shibli: Daniel O. McClellan

"The Team"

Dr. Margaret Barker

Independent Researcher. President of the Society for Old Testament Study, 1998.

"I have just been reading all sorts of things [!], including a major piece about myself in our local paper about which I was not consulted at all. It was all cobbled togther from blogs etc, and then proudly declared to be copyright when there was not an original line in it. [...]

"I hope this is not just an Indiana Jones story, but it might be." - Barker quoted on The Musings of Tom Verenna

More about Margaret Barker: http://www.margaretbarker.com

Dr. Philip Davies

Professor Emeritus, Biblical Studies Department, The University of Sheffield.

"‘Authentic’ means they are what they pretend to be. In the context of a hypothesis tat they are ‘early Christian’ that would mean form the 1st or 2nd century CE. This I doubt, though if the scientific tests continue to point to this timeframe, at least the metal is that old. Which does not date the images, some of which are undoubtedly much later." - Davies quoted on The Musings of Thomas Verenna

More about Philip Davies: The University of Sheffield

Robert Feather


"I met [David Elkington] at the London Book Show and he invited me to meet later and I subsequently went to where he was living at the time and met his 'team'. I soon realised his word was not 'consistent' and we fell out."

More about Robert Feather: http://www.robert-feather.com


Robert Deutsch

Lecturer in Epigraphy and Ancient Northwest Semitic Inscriptions, University of Haifa. Managing Director, Archaeological Center.

"On a single leaf one can find: the head of Alexander the great copied, or impressed from a coin of his general Lysimachos, a palm tree from the coins of Bar Kokhba and Cartage, the eight pointed stars from the Jewish coins of Alexander Yannay and Hellenistic coins of the Seleucus, the bust of Domitianus from the administration coins minted in Judaea. The inscriptions are copied from the Hasmonean and Bar Kokhba coins, inscribed in straight and mirror shape, not to mention gibberish in Greek." - Zwinglius Redivivus

More about Robert Deutsch: http://www.robert-deutsch.com

Dr. Peter Northover

Senior Research Fellow. Head of Materials Science-based Archaeology Group, Oxford Materials.

On the metallurgical analysis of the Lead Codices: "The trace element pattern of the lead was consistent with anciently produced lead, although there is so much of that around that it is easy to get some to re-use. My own use of the phrase "not a recent production" implied that the piece I examined in detail had not been made in the last few years, or possibly decades, but I could not rule out a date of, say, a century ago or so." - The Aramaic Blog

More about Peter Northover: Oxford Materials

Ziad al-Saad

Director, Department of Antiquities, Jordan.

Dr. James Tabor

Chair, Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

"Many readers will remember the sensational story that broke into the news in March of this year regarding a series of “lead codices,” that some had claimed dated back to the 1st century and might prove to be some of our earliest Christian documents. Since that time much has been revealed about these artifacts and it appears the preponderance of evidence by qualified experts is these items are fake. As one of the few academics who did not jump on the bandwagon labeling the James ossuary inscription as fake (and indeed it appears it will be vindicated as genuine) I hasten to add that to me these artifacts appeared to be as phony as a three-dollar bill from day one." - TaborBlog

More about James Tabor: http://jamestabor.com

Dr. Peter Thonemann

Forrest-Derow Fellow and Tutor in Ancient History, Wadham College. Lecturer in Ancient History, Keble College

In reference to one of the Codices: "The only possible explanation is that the text on the bronze tablet was copied directly from the inscription in the museum at Amman by someone who did not understand the meaning of the text of the inscription, but was simply looking for a plausible-looking sequence of Greek letters to copy. He copied that sequence three times, in each case mixing up the letters alpha and lambda.

"This particular bronze tablet is, therefore, a modern forgery, produced in Jordan within the last fifty years. I would stake my career on it." - quoted on PaleoJudaica

More about Peter Thonemann: Wadham College

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