The Biblioblog Reference Library

[«] Posts From the Blog "BLT"(#319)

March 6 2018, 3PM

Here’s the same story reported in different places. First in The Los Angeles Times by Jocelyn Y. Stewart. Raised as a Presbyterian, Graham had no experience in submitting to a husband’s authority the way the evangelist, who was reared in a Sou... [Egalitarianism] [Abraham] [billy graham] [Ruth Bell Graham] [Sarah]

March 2, 2PM

Today Anne Graham Lotz preached to a crowd of mostly men, or at least a crowd of lots of men. While preaching her father’s funeral she also teaches men, while describing teaching the man who was her father. She publicly pledges to do more of that. T... [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [1 Timothy 2:12] [Anne Graham Lotz] [billy graham] [Funeral] [Preaching] [teaching] [women preaching to men] [women teaching men]

February 19, 9AM

Greek New Testament translator Ann Nyland has the following footnote on Matthew 18.2: Bible versions traditionally translate the personal pronoun here as ‘him’, but the personal pronoun in the Greek is “it” following the neuter gr... [feminism] [Greek] [New Testament] [translation] [Ann Nyland] [Gospel of Matthew] [Jesus Seminar] [julia e. smith] [N. T. Wright] [Willis Barnstone]

February 13, 5AM

This year blogger Abram K-J is reading through the canonical Christian gospels in Greek. He’s posted about that here and has started a private forum here. There, after reading how the Greek in the gospel changes the very face of power, I posted the... [womanism] [intersectionalilty] [Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw] [nameless daughter of nameless woman] [nameless woman in Greek gospel of Matthew]

February 8, 11AM

In this 21st century folks of the International Organization for Septuagint & Cognate Studies decree February 8 “International Septuagint Day” because of a decree given 20 centuries ago by the Emperor of Rome in this month on that day: Thi... [Christianity] [Judaism] [Septuagint]

January 25, 5AM

Ann Durham taught him (these lessons: to live among & to learn to love and appreciate people who are very different from you religiously, racially, linguistically, socio-economically, sexually – because they’ve taken us in when our family ... [education] [feminism] [Ann Durham] [another woman from Canaan besides Rahab who helped another Joshua] [Barack Obama] [billy graham] [Hillary Clinton] [jesus] [John Piper] [Lottie Moon] [Mary Magdalene] [Mary the mother of Jesus] [seminary] [the samaritan woman] [the Syrophoenician woman] [the woman at the well] [the woman from Tyre and Sidon] [Wil Gafney]

December 21 2017, 4PM

three notes, or four, for a quick review: Three years or so ago, or a bit more perhaps, I learned that Anne Carson’s talk (with Alexander Nehamas in 2005) on “The Question of Translation,” that had been published with some substantial revision... [translation] [Anne Carson] [art] [cahier] [Francis Bacon] [Ibykos] [in any form whatsoever] [Lanfranco Quadrio] [metaphor as translation] [nay rather] [painting] [reproduced] [Silence] [translating as metaphor]

December 9, 9AM

Pope Francis in a tv interview recently suggested a particular translation of what we know as Matthew 6:12. For what’s in The Lord’s Prayer, for this Greek in the New Testament, καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς εἰς πειρ... [translation] [Ann Nyland] [Clarence Jordan] [J. B. Phillips] [Jesus Seminar] [lord's prayer] [N. T. Wright] [Pope Francis] [Richmond Lattimore] [Willis Barnstone]

October 16, 9AM

June 29, 5AM

Carolyn Custis James has written a fun and funny blog post, “The ESV Takes One Small Step for ‘Mankind’!” In it she tells a personal story of a man who had “an annoying habit of pontificating on his [malestrom] views of wom... [Gender] [Hebrew Bible] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Carolyn Custis James] [ESV]

June 16, 7PM

When I was a kid, my mother taught us a number of songs that had been popular when she was younger. I still sing them sometimes. We gotta get goin, where we goin, What are we gonna do? We’re on our way to nowhere, The three of us and you. We sang th... [translation] [music] [fun] [Spanish] [Eddie Cantor] [nonsense] [learning a language] [The Andrews Sisters] [Carmen Miranda]

April 11, 4AM

For the 15th annual Willis Barnstone Translation Prize, there are co-winners. Congratulations go to Michele Herman and Rebekah Curry. — What translation of a poem did you enter? Mine was God Birthing, a rendering of the Theogony.Filed under: Poetry... [poetry] [translation] [Michele Herman] [Rebekah Curry] [Willis Barnstone] [Willis Barnstone Translation Prize]

April 5, 7AM

Which language(s) will we readers read when we read Zora Neale Hurston’s novel, Moses, Man of the Mountain? Is it standard American English as we construct that language socially? For example, isn’t it English in the standard variety in Ameri... [English] [languages] [Uncategorized] [African American English] [Black English] [Standard American English] [translanguaging] [Zora Neale Hurston]

April 4, 3PM

At Language Log, linguist blogger Mark Liberman writes a quick post in which he starts in with a clip “[f]rom Susan Rice’s interview today with Andrea Mitchell of MSNBC.” The clip is to show what he describes merely as “an interest... [languages] [translation] [African American English] [Black English] [harper lee] [Language Log] [Linguistics] [Mark Liberman] [Ofelia García] [Standard American English] [Susan Rice] [to kill a mockingbird] [translanguaging]

March 30, 3PM

Let’s talk about how Billy Graham himself recalls agreeing with Hillary Clinton to break his “Billy Graham Rule” and to eat lunch with her alone while having a private conversation in which he finds himself admiring her more than ever, a... [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [Gender] [sexism] [sexuality] [2 Timothy 2:22] [billy graham] [Culture Wars] [Hillary Clinton] [Jesus's model] [Mike Pence] [The Billy Graham Rule]

March 24, 7AM

The day before I posted “Ben Carson v Frederick Douglass: when slaves are immigrants,” there were many already making much of some many more siding with Dr. Carson and his repeated stubborn assessment of slaves chained in the dark and dank hol... [poetry] [June Jordan] [Phillis Wheatley]

March 22, 4AM

Yesterday was “World Poetry Day.” Sunday, October 30, 2016 was a day when Anne Carson in an interview on her most recent publication, Float, accepted the invitation to offer “a personal definition of what poetry is”: If prose is a... [poetry] [Anne Carson]

March 7, 5AM

As the 45th President’s Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Ben Carson gave his first public address in which he said slaves were immigrants. At the 18-minute mark he says: There were other immigrants who came in the bottom of slave ships, ... [colonialism] [racism] [Ben Carson] [Frederick Douglass] [immigrant] [slave]

March 2, 8AM

This week American President Trump quoted John 15:13 in his first address in the US Capitol. He was regarding, as a martyr, “a U.S. Navy Special Operator, Senior Chief William ‘Ryan’ Owens, [who] died as he lived, a warrior, and a hero,... [Interfaith] [religion] [Christian de Chergé] [Donald Trump] [GIA] [Isis] [jesus] [John 15:13] [Martin McGee] [monks of Tibhirine] [Ryan Owens]

February 24, 9AM

Since the Federal Government is at work to make America great again for transphobic citizens this week, it seemed good to review how some Bible readers are likely to respond. The majority of Bible readers self-identifying as Southern Baptists have for ne... [Gender] [sexism] [sexuality] [Clarence Jordan] [jesus] [Richmond Lattimore] [Southern Baptist] [transgender]

February 11, 8AM

Over the holidays, I had a conversation with a good friend who, when asked to call his senators to support something, adamantly refused. I’m not political, he declared. I vote in every election, but that’s the extent of it. I expect my represe... [politics] [Rhetoric] [active citizenship] [civics]

January 23, 5AM

According to translator Bérengère Viennot, the highly non-linear speeches of Trump, particularly his ad-libbed and extemporaneous remarks present particular challenges to translation. “Trump is not easy to translate, first of all, because, most o... [French] [politics] [translation] [translation practice] [Bérengère Viennot] [Donald Trump]

January 12, 6AM

Those of us Americans who have read and taught To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee sense the deep irony in the calls to ban the book from schools. And never more was that irony accentuated than by the fact that the President of the United States encourage... [literature] [racism] [Uncategorized] [Atticus Finch] [Barack Obama] [book bans] [Calpurnia] [harper lee] [Jean Louise Finch] [to kill a mockingbird]

January 10, 5AM

We might agree that there’s much persuasive power in the ethos of a Gold Star Mother, of the First Lady of the United States of America, and of the recipient of the Cecil B. DeMille Award. And then there’s their logos, their eloquent effecti... [ableism] [Cinema] [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [film] [Gender] [politics] [racism] [Rhetoric] [sexism] [sexuality] [Cecil B. DeMille Award] [First Lady] [Ghazala Khan] [Gold Star Mother] [Golden Globe Awards] [Hollywood Foreign Press Association] [Meryl Streep] [Michelle Obama]

October 6 2016, 4PM

If you are in Washington DC, I would highly recommend your taking a couple of hours to visit “the only major museum in the world solely dedicated to recognizing women’s creative contributions.” This is the “National Museum of Women in... [art] [feminism] [Gender] [sexism] [sexuality] [Uncategorized] [Cecily Brown] [Michelangelo] [nude] [painting] [Pietà] [Sarah Bernhardt] [Sculpture]

October 2, 9AM

Marg Mowczko, at her Blog New Life, is responding to the question, Which Bible translation is best? She understands this question asked by some as meaning, Which English Bible translation is least “biased towards men when, in fact, the intended m... [Egalitarianism] [English] [Greek] [translation] [Craig R. Smith] [Craig Smith]

September 29, 4PM

Our co-blogger Victoria Gaile Laidler this week considers Genesis 3:16 in Jerome’s Latin here. And some of us some years ago considered Genesis 3:16 in the LXX translators’ Hebraic Hellene here. And that made me wish to compare ἀποστρ... [Greek] [Septuagint] [translation] [ἀποστροφή] [Genesis 3:16] [LXX] [Oedipus at Colonus (1472-1473)]

September 28, 12 PM

September 28, 2016 We desired for there to be a stable and standard text that would serve the reading, memorizing, preaching, and liturgical needs of Christians worldwide from one generation to another. We have become convinced that this decision was a mi... [Uncategorized]

September 27, 7PM

After reading a few posts here and elsewhere, and especially after reading About That Desire over at Women In Theology, I decided to check the Vulgate to see how the preposition in question was translated there. Whatever its flaws, the Vulgate was extreme... [Hebrew Bible] [Latin] [sexism] [Vulgate] [ESV] [jerome] [Masoretic Text]


Well before the ESV Permanent text announcement and the blogging around the peculiarity of the new and now-final rendering of Genesis 3:16, Suzanne McCarthy had a few things to say. Rather, she asked a few things and engaged in research and conversation. ... [aramaic] [English] [Hebrew] [ESV] [Suzanne McCarthy]

September 25, 6AM

White supremacy reigned and the other side of white supremacy is black inferiority. We were taught, as reasonably well bred white Southerners, to behave decently, but the whole racial etiquette that governed the way black and white interacted with each ot... [Catholicism] [Christianity] [classism] [colonialism] [Memoir] [racism] [sexism] [Southern Baptist] [Vietnamese] [Charles Dew] [Corsicana] [Diane Rehm] [Isabel Wilkerson] [vietnam]


“In any case, the triumph of traditionalist gender politics in the new ESV Permanent Text is devastating for egalitarian evangelicals—it is complementarianism’s most dramatic power play yet.” WIT Crossway publishers recently sparked contro... [Uncategorized]

September 20, 10AM

For the 14th annual Willis Barnstone Translation Prize, there are co-winners. Congratulations go to Khrystyna Mykhailiuk and to Spring Ulmer. The announcement came relatively late this year (compared with announcements of previous years arriving in Marc... [translation] [poetry] [Willis Barnstone] [Willis Barnstone Translation Prize] [Spring Ulmer] [Khrystyna Mykhailiuk]

September 15, 9AM

Here‘s the English Standard Version syntax for Genesis 3:16 – Here‘s the MT Hebrew syntax for Genesis 3:16 – Here‘s the Isaac Leeser English syntax for Genesis 3:16 – Here‘s the Julia Smith English syntax for ... [Bible Versions] [Egalitarianism] [English] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [sexism] [Translation Theory] [crossway] [ESV] [Everett Fox] [Isaac Lesser] [julia e. smith] [Masoretic Text] [Robert Alter]

September 14, 3PM

Like the stone tablets Moses brought down from Sinai long ago, this web page recently went up on the English Standard Version Bible site: There is declared this: ESV Permanent Text Edition (2016) Word Changes (52 Tota... [Uncategorized] [ESV]

September 9, 3AM

One of my children is an adult learner of Sepedi in South Africa where for a year she’s been teaching English to school children. Before living in the rhythms of the people of her new language she started reading Antjie Krog in the USA in English. T... [afrikaans] [English] [poetry] [translation] [translation practice] [Antjie Krog] [Rauan Klassnik]

August 23, 7PM

The last verse of the second reading in the Roman Catholic lectionary this weekend caught my attention, because the wording (from the NABre, Heb 12:5-7, 11-13) seemed so odd: So strengthen your drooping hands and your weak knees. Make straight paths for y... [Christianity] [Greek] [New Testament]

August 1, 3PM

This post starts with the epigraphs from Cheryl Glenn’s essay on the rhetoric of silence in the American political realm. She examines primarily the silences and the silencing of Anita Hill, Lani Guinier, Joycelyn Elders, and Hillary Clinton. The p... [Islam] [New Testament] [orientalism] [politics] [Qur'an] [Rhetoric] [speeches] [Uncategorized] [Adrienne Rich] [Anita Hill] [Audre Lorde] [bell hooks] [Ghazala Khan] [Hillary Clinton] [I Tim. 2:11-12] [Jacqueline Jones Royster] [Jose Ortega y Gassett] [Joycelyn Elders] [Lani Guinier] [Robin Becker] [Tseu]

July 31, 5AM

Not long after [white man] Thomas Jefferson wrote the “Declaration of Independence,” a free black [man] wrote Jefferson asking if the “all men are created equal”phrase applied to blacks [that is, to black men, to black women, and t... [classism] [feminism] [Gender] [history] [racism] [sexism] [social justice] [Uncategorized] [womanism]

July 30, 6AM

Men, Spartans: In your foreign post, I am not alone. Father to father to father it’s been held, given to generations. I wish to make this clear to you all also. The City State holds all of us to this final goal. Yes, when there is war, she has had to ra... [English] [Greek] [history] [politics] [Uncategorized]

April 16, 10AM

I’m reposting this in its entirety from my own blog, to give my take on the issue of why there are more women than men in most Christian churches, and what conclusions are most reasonably drawn from this. [Note: since I first wrote this article I ha... [Christianity] [Sociology] [Uncategorized]

April 3, 5AM

“It must be noted again that even at the cultural/collective level, notions of femininity are fluid and socially constructed, just as they are for individual persons. There is nothing inherently masculine or feminine about the public or the private,... [Uncategorized]

March 23, 5PM

The Pew Research Center yesterday released a new report on gender and religious participation.   It found that in many countries in the world, and especially among Christians, there is a wide gender gap.  Section 6 of the report is entitled:  “... [Catholicism] [Christianity] [Gender] [Islam] [Judaism] [religion] [Uncategorized] [Gender] [men] [Pew Research Center] [Prayer] [Religious Services] [women]

March 21, 11PM

If you don’t mind (quite) salty language, you may enjoy William Brennan’s book review in the New Yorker:  “The Irish Novel That’s So Good People Were Scared to Translate It” about not one but two translations of Máirtín ... [Book Reviews] [translation] [translation practice] [Uncategorized] [Alan Titley] [Cré na Cille] [Graveyard Clay] [Irish Gaelic] [Mac Con Iomaire] [Máirtín Ó Cadhain] [The Dirty Dust] [Tim Robinson] [William Brennan]

March 9, 1PM

Interesting. A woman’s average age for being diagnosed with breast cancer is about 60, and average age of dying of breast cancer is 68. But the average age of a woman dying of heart attack is 70. However, many more women die of heart attack than breast ... [Egalitarianism] [history] [Interpretation] [sexism] [breast cancer] [complementarianism] [feminism] [John Piper] [Junia] [Ruth A. Tucker] [Sapphira] [Suzanne McCarthy]

March 3, 2PM

Liturgical Press, a prestigious Catholic publisher, has announced a new scholarly commentary series on the Catholic Bible:  The Wisdom Commentary.  According to the publisher, the series is … A Significant Milestone in the History of Feminism and ... [Catholicism] [Uncategorized] [Liturgical Press] [Wisdom Commentary]

January 25, 1PM

I was going to make a joke about how, in view of Mein Kampf being republished in Germany, Donald Trump will now be able to get his lines from the original, rather than just a translation.  But it turns out it is maybe not actually a joke at all.   From... [politics] [Uncategorized] [Adolf Hitler] [Donald Trump] [Ivana Trump] [Marty Davis] [Mein Kampf] [Michael Kennedy] [Some of my best friends are Jewish]

January 10, 7AM

In the post here of January 8, 2016 I was asking whose Wheaton College is it? (And who is Wheaton College?) In this post the question is different. What do people of the book state? Dr. Hawkins had already shared the statement written on whose God this is... [Series: Whose? Mine, Yours, Theirs?] [Larycia Hawkins] [Stephen Prothero]

January 8, 4PM

The language of separation, of subtle othering, is in the paragraphs below pertaining to “Wheaton College” and these three: Could there be more to this picture than just parsing of theological language? And why is Dr. Hawkins marked, separa... [racism] [Rhetoric] [sexism] [Larycia Hawkins] [leland ryken] [Stanton L. Jones] [wheaton college]

December 21 2015, 7AM

After The Memory Room, Mary Rakow has written another profound novel. Its title is This Is Why I Came, and this is not Sunday School recollections of Bible stories. Here are three places where the novelist makes room for Mary, the Mother of Jesus, snippe... [literature] [mary] [Mary Rakow] [This Is Why I Came]

December 10, 10PM

(A close read of a traditional Catholic prayer, cross posted from Gaudete Theology) In honor of this past tuesday’s feast of the Immaculate Conception, which opens the Jubilee Year of Mercy, I thought I would do a close read of this traditional Cath... [Catholicism] [Eve] [hail mary] [mary] [our lady of perpetual help] [psalm 121] [salve regina]

October 21, 4AM

Last month, the most recent biblioblogger carnival went up (by William Brown) and again with his links only to blog posts of males only. (Pardon my redundancy, then, in using the adjectival phrase “white male” with the noun “biblioblogg... [Administrivia] [sexism] [and white men blogging the bible wonder where the women are as if they play no role in their silencing] [rape] [rape culture] [rape threats]

October 20, 3AM

Blogger, Blogger, Bible beater, Had a wife and couldn’t keep her, He put her in a Bible shell, And there he kept her very well. or, 7 Ways to Discipline Your WifeFiled under: Christianity, Egalitarianism Tagged: complementarianism, fundamentalism [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [complementarianism] [Fundamentalism]

September 17, 5PM under: Poetry Tagged: Anne Carson [poetry] [Anne Carson]

September 11, 7AM

I remember the day, 9/11/2001, like it was yesterday. I was a student in New York City. I’d been living there for a while at that time—I was still adjusting to being in the big city. I was a Native kid,… On this particular morning—September 1... [history] [Interpretation] [Journalism] [orientalism] [9/11] [Chiraayu Gosrani] [Gyasi Ross] [Mahjabeen Syed] [September 11]


Sometimes reading the Bible (whether in its Hebrew or in its Greek of Egyptian Diaspora Jewish translation or in English) helps us to confront the othering we encounter or ourselves commit. Why would a translation of Exodus 22, for example, need to spe... [Bible Versions] [Egalitarianism] [Craig R. Smith] [education] [girls] [Malala] [Malala Yousafzai.] [refugees]

August 29, 4PM

Two weeks ago, I watched as one of my best friends died. Longtime readers of my blog, Gaudete Theology, knew him as commenter Mark S. He commented here once, too. Mark was diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer in early 2013. But our conversation had b... [philosophy] [religion] [atheism] [Conversation] [death] [friendship]

July 11, 12 AM

Dear Dr. Sparks, I finished your book God’s Word in Human Words a few weeks ago.  It was the second of your books that I had read, the first being Sacred Word, Broken Word.  Both books are about reading the Bible for what it shows itself to be,... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism]

June 30, 9AM

TRIGGER WARNING This article or section, or pages it links to, contains information about sexual assault and/or violence which may be triggering to survivors. “And they inserted their Logic, stuck it in him.” What the fuck is this shit? — Ste... [Septuagint] [Adele Berlin] [Alexander the Great] [Anna Schober] [Antjie Krog] [aristotle] [Bernadotte Perrin] [Deane Galbraith] [Edward Schiappa] [Emily Douglas] [Genesis 19] [phallogocentricism] [Plutarch] [rape] [rape culture] [Salon] [Shakespeare] [Stewart James Felker]

June 24, 1PM

When Theophrastus announced that Suzanne McCarthy was joining him, Craig Smith, and me to start blogging here, one of her blogs had been, for some months, earlier in that same year, one of the “Top 50″ most-visited biblioblogs and had been ... [Administrivia] [Suzanne McCarthy]

June 20, 12 AM

In early 2008 I encountered Christian egalitarianism for the first time and embraced it with excitement and relief.  Finally, I could let go of my cognitive dissonance! I could believe in a God who hadn’t arbitrarily consigned me to subordinate sta... [Uncategorized]

June 16, 8AM

From: Suzanne Ethelwyn McCarthy December 14, 1955 – June 12, 2015 With deep sadness and love, we announce that Suzanne Ethelwyn McCarthy, née Hayhoe, passed away at... [Uncategorized]


Paul Tournier is a Swiss physician whose writings influenced my American missionary parents greatly. I asked my mother recently if she’d read his The Violence Within (translated by Edwin Hudson for English language publication in 1978), and she thi... [Christianity] [history] [Islam] [1977] [atheism] [Communism] [mission] [missionaries] [Paul Tournier] [power] [violence] [white supremacy]

June 8, 1PM

This is what its like to be a white person in the public pool in McKinney, Texas USA. You need somebody else to ask you to read about the history of segregated pools… about housing discrimination and restrictive covenants… about the histor... [racism] [sexism]

12 PM

If the Greek play The Eumenides (or Εὐμενίδες, or The Kindly Ones), written by Aeschylus, were translated by a male-only team of complementarian translators of the Bible, then the lines would likely go like they go as they go for Paul w... [Christianity] [classics] [Greek] [humanities] [New Testament] [theater] [translation] [aeschylus] [Alan Shapiro] [Arthur S. Way] [complementarian] [complementarianism] [David Grene] [Edward Wright Haile] [George Theodoridis] [Herbert Weir Smyth] [I Timothy 2:12] [Lewis Campbell] [Peter Burian] [Richmond Lattimore] [Robert Fagles] [The Eumenides] [Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty]

June 7, 10AM

It’s becoming clearer that Paul and Timothy didn’t read the English Standard Version (ESV) of the Bible. Below is what one writes in Greek to the other followed by the ESV translators’ reading: διδάσκειν δὲ γυναικὶ ο... [Egalitarianism] [English] [Greek] [Interpretation] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [authentein] [I Timothy 2:12]

June 5, 2PM

My favorite book by Lauren F. Winner so far is her newest one, Wearing God: Clothing, Laughter, Fire, and Other Overlooked Ways of Meeting God. When it’s all over, she writes “A Short Note from the Women’s Prison” to confess this ... [feminism] [Hebrew Bible] [New Testament] [Sacred books] [sexism] [social justice] [theology] [Imagery] [Lauren F. Winner] [metaphor] [rape] [rape culture] [spouse abuse]

June 4, 11AM

Today, one of my French colleagues teaching French in Montpellier, France, sends me this quick reply to an email I sent her yesterday: Merci, Kurk. Ça marche comme ça. Running that through Google Translate to get an output into English, we get this: Tha... [Computer Science] [English] [French] [fun] [Interpretation] [Linguistics] [Mathematics] [translation] [Translation Theory] [David Bellos] [Gideon Lewis-Kraus] [Google translate] [Noam Chomsky] [nursery rhymes] [Phanariot] [profundity of language translated] [Susan Bernofsky] [traditore] [traduttore]

May 24, 6AM

I just read in Business Insider online an article by Drake Baer, “The fascinating cultural reason why Westerners and East Asians have polar opposite understandings of truth.” Now, would you please read it and think about whether Baer (or hi... [humor]

May 21, 4AM

My parents were career missionaries with the Foreign Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention of the United States of America. While the US military went to Vietnam to save it from Communism, my parents joined forces with other FMB missionaries to... [Christianity] [history] [Interpretation] [orientalism] [protestantism] [david platt] [FMB] [Foreign Mission Board] [IMB] [International Mission Board] [SBC] [Southern Baptist] [southern baptist convention]

May 9, 3AM

I think that Islamic feminism is actually going to be the entry point for this whole renewal of Islamic discourse…. So it will be up to the Muslim women themselves who are not willing to let go of their religion, but at the same time, they are not w... [feminism] [Islam] [Kimberly Adams] [Marwa Sharafeldin]

April 30, 2PM

Today, on this the 40th anniversary of the fall of Sài Gòn, I’m reading Where the Ashes Are: The Odyssey of a Vietnamese Family by Nguyễn Quí Đức. There is a wikipedia entry on him, in English only (not yet in Vietnamese). Fittingly, in E... [history] [Series: Whose? Mine, Yours, Theirs?] [Nguyễn Quí Đức] [Việt Nam] [War]

April 29, 2AM

Two decades ago, in 1995, translator Willis Barnstone lamented: The most notorious and successful means of deracinating the Jews from their own Bible has been to change the very name by which they are addressed there.  They are called Hebrews (with refer... [Bible Versions] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Judaism] [Judeo-Christian relations] [literature] [New Testament] [racism] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [translation] [Adele Berlin] [Amy-Jill Levine] [Bernard A. Taylor] [Marc Zvi Brettler] [Robert Alter]

April 26, 8AM

Now, one has to ask, however, whether one actually comes into contact with “Jewish culture” when one reads “ἀσπάσασθε ἀλλήλους ἐν φιλήματι ἁγίῳ. ἀσπάζονται ὑμᾶς αἱ ἐκκλησίαι π... [Judeo-Christian relations] [translation] [Translation History] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [Courtney Druz] [Hélène Cixous] [Paul Celan] [Yancy Smith]

April 19, 8AM

Bible translator Yancy Smith (and a dear friend of mine, who I first met in the classroom and then again online) has posted his published academic essay, “The Mystery and Mirage of Equivalence: Bible Translation Theory and the Practice of Christia... [Uncategorized] [Eugene Nida] [interlation] [Phillis Wheatley] [Yancy Smith]


None of the synoptic gospels say Jesus wept. The sophisticated Luke, writing latest of the three-in-agreement, does have him sweating in agony in the garden drops of blood. But the sophisticated Greek gospel writer reserves tears for some strange women (i... [Series: Odd Gospel Greek]

April 18, 5AM

Yesterday morning I read “a” chapter of “a” book of “a” gospel in “a” few versions of “the” Bible. One of my own children had just experienced a profound tragedy the day before, and she was grie... [Interpretation] [blogging] [experience] [interlation] [missionary kid] [MK] [stereotextuality] [Subjectivity] [TCK] [text] [third culture kid] [translation]

April 17, 11AM

I had the great privilege this week of sitting down with David Ker to interview him for BLT. Well, we were virtually sitting down. Actually, I’m not sure whether he was sitting down or not. We did the interview via the internet. And I only at first ... [fun] [David Ker] [Interview]


Kurk, this [Englishing of the Greeking of the Hebrew Isaiah] is in many ways brilliant, particularly in its conveying so much information in so little space, and being simultaneously a translation of the Hebrew (crossed out) and the Greek. It does capture... [Christianity] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [Judaism] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms] [translation] [Alexandria] [politics]

April 15, 2PM

First of all, this must be noted: The very shortest of all the Hebrew Tellihim is the one that seems to include all peoples, Jewish and not. And then let’s note three other things: The Hebraic Hellene of the Septuagint version called the Psalmo... [Christianity] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [Judaism] [Judeo-Christian relations] [Latin] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms] [Ann Nyland] [Craig R. Smith] [ethne] [goyim] [Heresy of explanation] [julia e. smith] [Psalm 117:1] [Robert Alter] [Romans 15:11] [Tellihim]

April 10, 12 PM

For the 13th annual Willis Barnstone Translation Prize, there are four winners. Congratulations go to Roger Sedarat, Alfred Nicol, A. M. Juster, and Michele Herman. If you entered the contest, as I did, then you received the following notice: If anybody... [Uncategorized] [A. M. Juster] [Alfred Nicol] [Michele Herman] [Roger Sedarat] [Willis Barnstone] [Willis Barnstone Translation Prize]

April 5, 4AM

Anthropos definitely means “human” and not “divine.” The problem with the word “person” is that we can say God is a “person” but God is definitely not “anthropos,” that is “human.” The “man” thing is just a product of translati... [English] [Greek] [New Testament] [Adam] [Ann Nyland] [anthropos] [Christ] [Craig R. Smith] [Easter] [ESV] [I Corinthians] [Inclusive Bible] [jesus] [Mashiah] [resurrection] [Richmond Lattimore] [Suzanne McCarthy] [Willis Barnstone]

April 3, 8AM

Here is the rudest translation (of Jesus, on Good Friday): 33 “We are going up to Jerusalem, and the Human Being will be betrayed to the chief priests and Bible scholars. They will condemn him to death, and they will hand him over to the non-Jews. 3... [translation] [Ann Nyland] [ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου] [Craig R. Smith] [D. A. Carson] [Good Friday] [Inclusive Bible] [Inclusive Bible First English Translation] [Jesus Seminar] [Mark 10:33-34] [Robert Funk] [Son of Man] [Willis Barnstone]

March 31, 4PM

Marg Mowczko has a very worthwhile and interesting post up today at her blog New Life: “The Household Codes and Male Slaves with Female Masters.” One reader notes how odd (how marked) “Female Masters” and “Women Masters... [English] [Greek] [Marg Mowczko]

March 30, 1PM

What do you hear when you hear somebody say Ἀντι Γονικη? You’re not exactly likely to hear Ἀντιγόονη. And it probably doesn’t even sound like “Antigone.” You might think more of the scientist Aristotle hearin... [art] [Book Reviews] [English] [Greek] [Interpretation] [literature] [poetry] [Rhetoric] [Series: Whose? Mine, Yours, Theirs?] [theater] [anti-review of ANTIGO NICK by Anne Carson and Bianca Stone and (Sophocles)] [Antigone] [aristotle] [Sophocles] [transposition]

March 16, 3PM

J. K. Gayle:Henri Nouwen was a man not only of words but also of action. Here is he marching in Selma: Originally posted on The Value of Sparrows: From Walk With Jesus A man... [Uncategorized]

March 12, 8PM

Just received this in an email and thought I should pass on this thoughtful and positive reflection on how to respond to anti-semiticism. FROM ARENDT, ABOUT DENMARK: “The story of the Danish Jews is sui generis, and the behavior of the Danish people an... [racism] [Denmark] [Hannah Arendt]

12 PM

Earlier in the year, I posted “Sexualized Racism: Crucifying Jews and Lynching Blacks.” Today, this post examines Hebrews 6:4-6 as a backdrop to discuss the anti-black racism of white student members of Sigma Alpha Epsilon at the Universit... [racism]

March 10, 3PM

one two three Anne Carson has one book (Glass, Irony, and God) in which she writes poetry on three subjects. She mentions in one of her poems a single Latin prefix and asks with that mention about the sort of meaning it means in English. Anne Carson ha... [English] [fun] [Greek] [Interpretation] [Latin] [Anne Carson]

March 9, 8AM

one NOTES ON THE TRANSLATION … 8. The gender of God: Even though, like most people, I do not conceive of a deity who is male or female, there is no way around the fact that the Torah does in fact present God in consistently masculine terms. Even the... [Gender] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [Benjamin Blech] [Katia Romanoff] [Richard Elliott Friedman] [tetragrammaton]

March 8, 7AM

This morning, I’ve translated “the beatitudes” in the Hebraic Hellene gospel of Matthew into English. Yesterday, and this is what got me going with the rendering today, I listened to Anthony Heald narrating Book One of the Iliad. He was... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Septuagint] [1 Kings] [2 Chronicles] [A. T. Murray] [Anthony Heald] [beatitudes] [blessed] [homer] [Iliad] [jesus] [Matthew 5] [Psalmoi] [Psalms] [Tobit] [W. H. D. Rouse]

March 5, 8AM

Readers of William Shakespeare and of John Donne have found allusions to the female anatomy and sexuality in imagery and puns. For example, where Shakespeare has this: Pauline Kiernan in Filthy Shakespeare: Shakespeare’s Most Outrageous Sexual P... [fun] [humor] [Interpretation] [literature] [Septuagint] [Carey Ellen Walsh] [John Donne] [John Piper] [Pauline Kiernan] [Poppaea] [Robert H. Ray] [Sappho] [Shakespeare] [Song of Solomon] [Song of Songs] [Stuart Dean]

March 1, 7AM

On this first day of the month, I just read Mysia Anderson‘s “Celebrating black women during Women’s History Month.” And I was just as shocked just now reading Ana Marie Cox’s “Why I’m Coming Out as a Christian” (an... [racism] [sexism] [womanism] [Ana Marie Cox] [Anna Julia Cooper] [Barack Obama] [black] [black feminism] [Christian] [Kimberle Crenshaw] [Mysia Anderson] [rape] [rape culture] [woman] [Women's History Month]

February 28, 5AM

My first iPhone in the USA was a 3GS, and it had an app on it called Siri. At the time, nobody knew either that it was intended to be called Hal or that Apple would buy it as an essential part of the later versions of iPhone. Yes, Hal, not Siri. Not long ... [Computer Science] [Linguistics] [sexism] [Technology] [Apple] [iPhone] [Siri]


Originally posted on Judy's research blog: Last year, I bought a copy of Amy-Jill Levine’s new book, Short Stories by Jesus – the enigmatic parables of a controversial rabbi (HarperOne, New York, 2014) and have been meaning to post a review of i... [Book Reviews]

February 19, 5AM

Oscar is a man. And the Oscars (i.e., the Academy Awards) feature men more (even though a human named Cheryl Boone Isaacs is now the president of the Academy). And for some years now, out of research conducted at San Diego State University, has come the... [feminism] [film] [Gender] [Movie Reviews] [sexism] [sexuality] [Television] [theater] [Academy Awards] [Celluloid Ceiling Report] [Cheryl Boone Isaacs] [Martha M. Lauzen] [Marya E. Gates] [The Oscars] [Tova Rosen]

February 17, 3PM

For some time, Greek readers of the unsigned and unclaimed New Testament epistle of Hebrews have wondered whether its author might be an authoress. Bloggers like me have wondered. Facebookers continue to wonder. Yesterday, for example, one of my facebook ... [Greek] [Interpretation] [Rhetoric] [Adolf Harnack] [Deborah Copaken Kogan] [Ezekiel] [Hebrews] [Jerusalem] [Priscilla] [Ruth Hoppin]

February 16, 4PM

This is a 10-minute post to add to the blog series on the Interpretive Spins and Literary Sparks in the Ψαλμοὶ. Abram K-J (who’s in a group reading the Greek Psalmoi this year) is the inspiration for this particular post. He wrote one yesterd... [Series: LXX Psalms] [Sappho]

January 24, 7AM

This post of mine takes a rather subjective perspective. You could call it my commentary. This morning I’m struck by what I perceive as the Greek Rhetoric influence on the gospel of Luke. And the text, its language, seems quite aware of the Hebraic ... [Interpretation] [literature] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [kyriarchy] [love] [Luke 10] [Subjectivity] [the good samaritan] [The Shema]

January 23, 5AM

Jesus loves me—this I know, For the Bible tells me so; Little ones to him belong,— They are weak, but he is strong. – Anna Bartlett Warner or The Bible to me overrules all that and the Bible asks me to be obedient to Christ and the Bible condemn... [Egalitarianism] [Interpretation] [sexism] [homophobia] [Marriage] [marriage equality] [same-sex marriage]

January 18, 8PM

Here are a few links relating Susannah Heschel’s reaction to the absence of her father, Abraham Heschel, from the movie “Selma.” She wrote, The 50th anniversary of the 1965 march at Selma is being commemorated this year with the releas... [Uncategorized]

January 16, 5AM

This Friday in 2015 before the USA Martin Luther King Jr. holiday on Monday, news sources in America are reporting the following: Five More Cities Allowing Students to See Selma for Free Program [in Chicago] offers 10,000 students chance to see ‘Se... [Cinema] [classism] [history] [Journalism] [racism] [social justice] [speeches] [Letter from a Birmingham Jail] [Martin Luther King] [Martin Luther King Jr.] [Selma]

January 15, 4PM

Our BLT post “tout est pardonné” is generating lots of readers, which normally we are just fine with. Some English readers are finding it by searching for “translation of ‘tout est pardonné’” and expecting to learn what the ... [social justice] [theater] [translation] [Catherine A. F. MacGillivray] [Charlie Hebdo] [Crime] [forgiveness] [Hélène Cixous] [Islamophobia]

January 13, 9AM

Rachel Held Evans invited readers of her blog to “Ask a womanist biblical scholar” questions, namely “The Reverend Wil Gafney, Ph.D. [who] is Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible at Brite Divinity School in Fort Worth, Texas and is an Episcopal pri... [feminism] [womanism] [Wil Gafney] [womanism]


“This, of course, isn’t the first time a tech product has prioritized men over women. The vast majority of tech companies are staffed by men, especially on the development side. Phones are too big for many women’s hands. The newest artificial h... [Computer Science] [sexism] [Technology] [Apple] [Apple Health]

January 12, 4PM

Nick Norelli has a post up today entitled “The Gospel” that starts in this way with a contemporary English language problem for Christians: The term “the gospel,” it seems, functions as a buzzword nowadays. It’s a shorthanded way of talk... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [humor] [Interpretation] [Septuagint] [dogma] [etymology] [Evangelization] [gospel] [Nick Norelli]


According to the AFP news agency, the gunmen shouted: “We have avenged the Prophet Muhammad”. This is absolutely ridiculous and an insult to the Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him). Our Prophet does not require avenging. Forgiveness and compassion d... [Islam] [Journalism] [Charlie Hebdo] [Islamophobia]

January 9, 10PM

I remember how hard it was to learn to call myself a woman. Growing up, through high school, my female classmates and I were called “girls,” of course. (Or very rarely, “young ladies,” though mostly when we were in trouble.) So th... [English] [feminism] [racism] [black] [men] [Sonia Sotomayor] [white] [women]

January 8, 4AM

May I just start this post by expressing my deep sadness at the senseless killing of Stéphane Charbonnier, Cabu, Tignous, Wolinski, Bernard Maris, the two yet to be identified police officers trying to protect them, and the five other individuals murd... [Islam] [Journalism] [Charlie Hebdo]

January 7, 1PM

[René] Girard compellingly argues that human sexuality often incites a violent response. He shows this in terms of marriage and community relationships…. He says, “Sexuality leads to quarrels, jealous rages, mortal combats. It is a permanent ... [art] [Christianity] [history] [Judaism] [racism] [sexism] [Ben Uri] [Derek Flood] [James H. Cone] [Kelly Douglas Brown] [Marc Chagall] [Orlando Patterson] [René Girard] [Wil Gafney]

January 2, 2PM

Lost in Translation When I first watched this lovely a capella arrangement of The Little Drummer Boy by the Pentatonix, I was especially struck by the diversity of the group. I teared up when I saw that — at least to my eye, which is particularly p... [Christianity] [music] [racism] [a capella] [beatbox] [Christmas] [Kevin Olusola] [Little Drummer Boy] [music video] [Pentatonix] [vocal percussion]

December 17 2014, 6PM

**The following is a flight of theological imagination** Psalm 84 The original author of this psalm was a young woman, perhaps a Midianite, who was ravished away from her home by a pillaging army and forced to serve as one of the whores that traveled wit... [feminism] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [imaginative reading] [Psalm 84] [theological imagination]

November 24, 9AM

Not waiting on a grand jury verdict, the Alliance of Black Art Galleries announced an initiative on the killing of Michael Brown, and artists by the score have responded. When this young man was still alive, some artists from sometime back and from so... [art] [Alliance of Black Art Galleries] [Ferguson] [Jean-Michel Basquiat] [Langston Hughes] [Michael Brown]

November 15, 11PM

I was struck by these excerpts quoted in Kurk’s post on Chinese translation: As I [Lydia H. Liu] have argued elsewhere, one does not translate between equivalents; rather, one creates tropes of equivalence in the middle zone of translation between ... [Christianity] [translation] [ecumenism] [Evangelization] [full communion] [missionary] [relational]

12 AM

This is a reflection on Psalm 84 in Hebrew. It is copied from an email I sent to one of my sisters. I would love to know if anyone else has offered this interpretation of Psalm 84. It keeps me focused on women’s responsibility to their fellows, the... [Gender] [Hebrew] [translation practice] [Uncategorized] [Psalm 84]

November 13, 4AM

The White House pushed very hard for President Xi Jinping to take questions during his news conference with President Obama at the end of their two days of meetings Wednesday. It did not want a repeat of the stilted, scripted encounter Mr. Obama had with ... [feminism] [Interpretation] [Journalism] [literature] [orientalism] [Simultaneous Interpretation] [translation] [Translation History] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [Barack Obama] [Chou Ping] [Lydia He Liu] [Mark Lander] [Tony Barnstone] [Victor Mair] [Xi Jinping]

November 9, 2PM

The exegetical method I was taught began with a clarification of purpose: exegesis was intended to excavate the intended meaning(s) of the original author of the text, as it would have been heard by the original audience of the text. Following the procedu... [Christianity] [Interpretation] [Rhetoric] [antioch school] [exegesis] [Frances Young] [Irenaeus] [John Behr] [John J. O'Keefe] [Patristics]

October 19, 1AM

The Bible translation I am most looking forward to this Fall is Everett Fox’s The Early Prophets:  Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings.  Fox tries to realize in English what Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig accomplished with their German Die Sch... [Bible Versions] [Die Schrift] [Everett Fox] [Five Books of Moses] [Franz Rosenzweig] [Joshua] [Judges] [kings] [Martin Buber] [Pentateuch] [Samuel] [The Early Prophets]

October 16, 8PM

I was saddened to learn of the recent death of Ann Olivier from a lovely eulogy at Commonweal. Although we had fallen out of touch, Ann was a very significant influence during my years of self-directed theological study leading up to graduate school. I fi... [Catholicism] [humanities] [philosophy] [Uncategorized] [academic friendship] [Ann Olivier] [Books] [Eulogy] [spiritual friendship]

October 9, 10AM

This sentence is the one that the translator has left in French in the following excerpted “free English (not literal) [translation] of a telephone interview in French with Patrick Modiano following the announcement of the 2014 Nobel ... [French] [literature] [Nobel Prize in Literature] [Patrick Modiano]

October 4, 8PM

The bible begins with two creation stories, and each has its own purpose. Gen 1 tells the story of how all creation came to be, with the creation of humanity, male and female, as the culmination of creation. In this story, which is dominated by themes of ... [Catholicism] [Hebrew Bible] [contraception] [Genesis 1] [Genesis 2] [Humanae Vitae] [Marriage] [natural law]

September 23, 2PM

First, please read this post. Then this one by Jade Davis. Davis shows this caption to an old photo: And she explains what we know and do not know: The photograph is of a “A warrior woman, near Kambole; insisted on fight with the men” according to th... [English] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [poetry] [translation] [Isaiah 54] [Wil Gafney]


Translation matters in the body of a “foreign thing,” הָגָר. And with this bit of text, Hebrew Bible scholar, the Rev. Dr. Wil Gafney reminds us all that nobody knows the name of this slave, this woman, in Any-Body’s Mother-Tongue m... [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [racism] [sexism] [social justice] [translation] [womanism] [Frederick Haynes] [Toni Morrison] [Wil Gafney]

September 17, 4PM

Several years ago, President Reagan signed the legislation setting aside the third Monday of January to celebrate Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday. Many across the land rejoiced. For many of us, it was an honor long past due for a man who changed t... [classism] [racism] [social justice] [Amadou Diallo] [Eric Garner] [jesus] [Jordan Davis] [Martin Luther King Jr.] [Michael Brown] [Oscar Grant] [Rekia Boyd] [Renisha McBride] [Rev. Bernice A. King] [Rodney King] [Sean Bell] [Shelly Fry] [Timothy Thomas] [Trayvon Martin]

September 16, 11AM


With a pregnant girlfriend in the news because she’s been allegedly beaten, and two different 4-year-old boys of different mothers allegedly by the same father beaten, and Janay Palmer, and Nicki Holder, and Candace Williams in the NFL news, and wit... [racism] [sexism] [Abuse] [Brigitte Hamann] [Candace Williams] [Janay Palmer] [Michael Brown] [Nicki Holder] [Ruth] [Wil Gafney] [Willis Barnstone] [womanism]

September 11, 3AM

sexism online by J. K. Gayle via BLT (#39861)
In addition to the difficulty of comparing data sets of varying size and depth, however, comparing male versus female online “harassment” is problematic for many reasons. First, as Young points out, women’s harassment is more likely to be gender-bas... [sexism]

August 31, 8AM

So many, many times, men have told me that anthropos means a human being, or a male human being, but never a woman on her own. One man asked me what the feminine term was for Adam. When I claim humanity for women, when I say, “but women are human be... [Gender] [Greek] [translation practice] [Adam] [aner] [anthropos] [Bury] [ish] [Palladius] [Pangle] [St. Melania the Elder] [St. Olympias]


Female scribes, or soferets, are a rare breed because they must be conservative Jews who follow the strict laws of Judaism, but also belong to an egalitarian congregation that believes in the equality of women and men. And they must have the interest, pat... [Egalitarianism] [Judaism]

August 30, 11AM

(Cross-posted from Wordgazer’s Words) I have been asked a few times over the last several months to do a blog post on Matthew 18:15-17, where Jesus teaches about what to do if a member of a Christian group is committing wrongs that are harmful enoug... [Christianity] [New Testament] [theology] [bible interpretation]

August 26, 5AM

Let me offer here a translation of the first 11 verses of John 8, a reading, an Englishing with the verb tenses tense. This is how I hear it (in light of some of the recent blog commentary here and here). 1 Joshua goes to the Mount of Olives 2 At the cra... [translation practice]

August 25, 11AM

August 23, 6AM

Females are botched males, claimed Aristotle. Adulteresses botch marriages, as we all know. And so it’s a perfect example of imperfection that there’s this odd gospel Greek botching an otherwise fine Greek gospel (and here’s the United B... [Series: Odd Gospel Greek] [sexism]

August 16, 9AM

Crossposted from Gaudete Theology Last Sunday afternoon, I spent a couple hours at the Oakland Mills Interfaith Center, one of the two interfaith centers in which my parish has a presence. The building has a central area resembling a courtyard, with plent... [art] [Catholicism] [Uncategorized] [Baltimore] [guadalupe] [screen painting] [stations of the cross] [Tabernacle] [worship spaces]

August 14, 1PM

Today, it’s finally made the mainstream media. But terrible things have been happening in Ferguson, Missouri — a small municipality in St. Louis County — since Saturday afternoon, when 18yo Mike Brown was shot and killed by police. Accor... [racism] [social justice] [militarized police] [peaceful protest] [police brutality]

August 4, 6PM

  ANTHEM FOR DOOMED YOUTH by WILFRED OWEN What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? —Only the monstrous anger of the guns. Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle Can patter out their hasty orisons. No mockeries now ... [history] [poetry] [1914] [9th of Av] [Anthem for Doomed Youth] [cannon fodder] [futility] [Great War] [Siegfried Sassoon] [Tisha b'Av] [Wilfred Owen]

August 2, 9AM

I have argued for many years that the Pagnini Latin translation is the basis for Prostestant translations into the vernacular languages of Europe. The Brest Bible is an interesting example. But first let me provide a little timeline as background. Erasmus... [English] [French] [German] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Italian] [Polish] [Translation History] [Uncategorized] [Vulgate] [Brest Bible] [Brucioli] [Coverdale] [Le Lévre] [Luther] [Olivétan] [Sante Pagnini] [Tyndale Bible] [Zurich Bible] [Zwingli]

July 31, 10AM

10. God will be pictured as male and described in masculine terms 90% of the time. 8. Biblical characters of your own gender will be featured as primary subjects and as positive examples  90% of the time in the educational curriculum. Male characters wi... [sexism] [Gail Vaughn Wallace] [Junia Project] [male privilege] [privilege]

July 30, 9AM

Probably lots of women were divorced in the 4th century. But Fabiola’s story is particularly interesting. I couldn’t find her written up in any history of previously ignored Christian women. She lived at the time that Jerome was teaching Roman... [feminism] [Fabiola] [hospitals] [jerome] [Paula]

July 28, 5PM

I have tried drafting a few posts lately but none of them seemed interesting enough. So I gave up and retreated to reading French books in Google books on Santes Pagnini to see where he has been hiding out. This time I found out that he is not best known ... [English] [French] [Gender] [German] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [Italian] [literature] [translation practice] [Conferenza Episcopale Italiana] [doe of dawn] [geneva bible] [King James Version] [Luther] [Sante Pagnini] [Vulgate]

July 22, 9AM

We live at a time when people want to deny or erase the male-female distinction: to do so is to assault humanity itself and diminish God in the process. – David Capes, 21st century There is no longer Jew or Greek; there is no longer slave or free; ... [sexism] [ἄρσεν καὶ θῆλυ] [binaries] [Creig Marlowe] [David Capes] [male and female] [N. T. Wright]

July 20, 10AM

Crossposted from Gaudete Theology, as I expect and hope that the commentariat and my cobloggers here may take up rather different points in their responses. :) Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, thy will be done On ear... [Catholicism] [Christianity] [English] [forgiveness] [lord's prayer] [parallelism] [Prayer] [variations on a theme]

July 16, 11AM

Abram K-J posted today his wonderful Spanish language “poem-prayer” inspired by his study of the works of Paulo Freire. Abram in comments below his post explains why he didn’t use Portuguese but used Spanish instead: La clase para que e... [English] [Interpretation] [pedagogy] [Portuguese] [Spanish] [translation] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [Abram K-J] [Ana Maria Araújo] [James D. Kirylo] [Myra Bergman Ramos] [Nita Freire] [Paulo Freire] [Robert R. Barr]

July 14, 11AM

“I am overjoyed for the Church of England as it has finally consented [today, June 14, 2014] to the ordination and consecration of women as bishops. I believe that the inclusion of women in this order will bring new gifts and possibilities for its partn... [Christianity] [feminism] [Church of England]

July 13, 12 PM

Fred Clark at Slacktivist this week has contributed more to the blogosphere conversation we also contributed to in the Noting Abusive Theologians post.  Clark’s post is in response to Roger Olsen’s question, “Should a theologian’... [Psychology] [Sociology] [theology] [Martin Luther] [Paul Tillich] [Thomas Jefferson]

July 2, 10AM

Dagesh Forte is the blogger pseudonym of a scholar in biblical Hebrew. You may recognize him as a regular contributor of posts to the blog unsettledchristianity, including a provocative piece noting how “biblioblogs creep into places that maybe they... [music] [Rap] [translation] [Dagesh Forte] [Guest Post]

June 29, 8PM

Click over to the Los Angeles Review of Books for this interesting way to review graphic books.  Jenna Brager reviews the recent graphic book Mendoza the Jew:  Boxing, Manliness, and Nationalism – A Graphic History. Here is how it starts: Fil... [biography] [publishing] [Daniel Mendoza] [Jenna Brager] [Liz Clarke] [Mendoza the Jew] [Ronald Schechter]
I saw the amazing film Snowpiercer this weekend, and was absolutely stunned by this striking interpretation of the French graphic novel Le Transperceneige.  It is a rare bird: a cerebral action thriller.  It has an impressive cast:  Chris E... [Cinema] [Alison Pill] [Amazon] [Blade Runner] [Brazil] [CGI] [Chris Evans] [dystopia] [Ed Harris] [France] [Harvey Weinstein] [iTunes] [John Hurt] [Korea] [La Transperceneige] [NetFlix] [Octavia Spencer] [Radius/TWC] [Snowpiercer] [Song Kang-ho] [Terry Gilliam] [Tilda Swinton] [United States] [video-on-demand] [VOD]

June 27, 11PM

There has been a lot of talk in the blogosphere, and here at BLT, about the Interview with N. T. Wright on First Things on the subject of sexuality.  I have read several of N. T. Wright’s books and lectures and have found him to be in general a... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [theology] [N. T. Wright]

12 PM

Gail Wallace of the blog The Junia Project lists her favorites here. Commenters are adding theirs there, and there does seem to be a fair number of blogs egalitarians write and read.Filed under: Egalitarianism Tagged: Gail Wallace, Junia Project [Egalitarianism] [Gail Wallace] [Junia Project]

June 25, 4AM

N. T. Wright has suggested that Heaven marries Earth, that Adam marries Eve, that Christ marries the Church, that this is always and only Nature’s design: the male husband marries the female wife. And so he looks to the prophecies in the NT book of ... [Interpretation] [New Testament] [Carolyn Osiek] [N. T. Wright]

June 24, 8PM

For centuries, Arabic speakers, both Christians and Jews, have used the word “Allah” to refer to God. As I understand it, that is the apparent etymological meaning of the word’s morphemes: the god. Recently in Malaysia, a Muslim-majority... [Arabic] [Christianity] [English] [Islam] [Rhetoric] [Uncategorized] [Language] [Marriage] [marriage equality] [religious freedom]


Argument by metaphor is always logically perilous, but a particularly sever error can be made when a metaphor is treated as an equation, equating the referent with the metaphorical expression.  When Longfellow compare’s the skipper’s daughter’s... [philosophy] [A Red Red Rose] [Creation] [eyes] [henry wadsworth longfellow] [Linum Catharticum] [love] [Marriage] [N. T. Wright] [red roses] [Robert Burns] [Wreck of the Hesperus]


Once I wrote a series of blogposts, just on one name of just one book of the Bible: “Exodus”: now, then (in the Bible), and then “Exodus”: Heavily Semiticized (NT) Greek “Exodus”: Luke is not León Uris “Exodus”: Whose Is It? “Exodus” ... [Hebrew Bible] [Septuagint] [translation] [Rachel Barenblat]


Sometimes teams of translators make some very odd choices as they puzzle over the ambiguities and uncertainties of the biblical text. For example the English Standard Version team has this for what we call Psalm 110:3 - And so, because of all the marks ... [Bible Versions] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [literature] [New Testament] [philosophy] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms] [translation] [Albert Pietersma] [Ann Nyland] [Frege's Puzzle] [Gottlob Frege] [Hesiod] [Hesperos] [homer] [Lancelot Brenton] [Lancelot C.L. Brenton] [Lucifer] [Morningstar] [Phosphorus] [Robert Alter]

June 23, 9AM

About 12 days ago N. T Wright gave a most surprising and somewhat incoherent interview on homosexuality. I still don’t get most of the interview but it certainly raises many discussion points. I, for one, am wondering if there is some secret sort of... [Christianity] [French] [German] [Hebrew] [Hinduism] [Interpretation] [sexism] [sexuality] [Uncategorized] [I Ching] [merism] [N. T. Wright] [Peter Kreeft]

June 18, 3PM

Jesus talked in Latin. At least the synoptic Greek gospels have him doing so rather clearly. Before we get to that, let’s get to a letter in Latin written long before Jesus, a letter that uses one Roman military phrase that Jesus spoke and understoo... [Latin] [New Testament] [cicero] [Duke of Wellington] [Edgar J. Goodspeed] [Evelyn S. Shuckburgh] [Legio] [Marcus Tullius Cicero] [Rev. G. E. Jeans] [Servius Sulpicius Galba] [Waterloo]

June 17, 3AM

Victoria Gaile Laidler, this year’s recipient of the Robert F. Leavitt Award for Outstanding Achievement in Theological Studies, author of “The Church as the Locus of Desire for God: Towards a Mimetic Ecclesiology,” completes her MA in The... [theology] [Victoria Gaile Laidler]

June 13, 8AM

Even if you’re not much of a World Cup fan and missed the opening 2014 match of host-country Brazil vs. Croatia, then you may still have heard the complaining. Worldwide there’s lots of attention in social media given to the poor officiating. ... [Croatian] [English] [Japanese] [Journalism] [Portuguese] [Brazil] [Croatia] [Japan] [social media] [world cup] [World Cup 2014] [Yuichi Nishimura]

June 11, 3PM

What was the language of Jesus in the LXX? According to his Greek-language translator, it was Ἑβραϊστί (or “hebraisti”). Well, that raises lots of questions, doesn’t it? Who is Jesus in the Septuagint? Who is his translator? And most ... [aramaic] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [Septuagint] [Aristophanes] [Chad Pierce] [Ecclesiasticus] [Ecclesiazusae] [grandson of Jesus] [Jesus son of Sirach] [Randall Buth] [Seth Sanders] [Sirach]

June 10, 3PM

With the Hebrew speaking Moses and Elijah? They were glorious to see. And they were speaking about his exodus [ἔξ οδος] from this world, which was about to be fulfilled in Jerusalem. –Luke 9:31   To G-d? And he said, Abba [Ἀββᾶ], Fathe... [Uncategorized]


In the past few weeks, we’ve heard more and read more and more about the speech of Jesus. “I know without a doubt which language he did surely speak!” This is what the world’s leaders and bible experts and reporters and bloggers a... [Arabic] [aramaic] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [humor] [Italian] [Aesop] [aristotle] [Benjamin Netanyahu] [Elon Gilad] [Ishaan Tharoor] [jesus] [Judy Redman] [Maurice Casey] [Pope Francis] [Randall Buth] [Reza Aslan] [Stanley E. Porter]

June 7, 6AM

In “Cliché, Binary Readings of Jesus in Mark,” I read the mixture of verbs describing Jesus (in two sets of variant manuscripts for Mark’s gospel) against the binary epistemology of Aristotle. In other words, Mark’s gospel has tw... [Greek] [Interpretation] [aristotle] [gospel of mark] [H. Rackham] [J. B. Phillips]

June 6, 2PM

D-Day is such a tragic and heroic event of our present history that it is difficult for me to come fully to terms with it.  This photographic exhibition from The Guardian helped; it shows images from 1944 that morph into the same view of the present ... [history] [Photography] [Britain] [Canada] [D-Day] [France] [Germany] [Liberation of France] [Normandy] [United States] [World War 2]
Wilson argues that, even as he has come to affirm same-sex behaviors and relationships, the issue need not divide congregations or Christians. Pastor Cortez cited Wilson’s argument as foundational to the position he and his church are now taking — ... [Christianity] [history] [Interpretation] [religion] [sexuality] [theology] [American Baptist] [LBGTQIA] [Southern Baptist]


Reading through Mark’s Greek gospel, I’ve tried to resist some of my own tendencies to read it through those well-worn cliché tropes. For me anyways, in Southern Baptist Sunday School, I got little summaries of the books of the Holy Bible. Th... [Interpretation]

June 5, 1PM

Edwin Graves Wilson, for young readers, compiled some of the poems of Maya Angelou, his friend, into a book. He also wrote an introduction that showed the biblical, literary, and translational influences on this poet friend of his. In part, that goes like... [Uncategorized] [Maya Angelou]
In this 3rd part of posting on the Gender Inclusivity of Jesus in Mark, I’m going to offer my own English translation of the Greek translation. What came out of the mouth of Jesus, in Greek, was this: Τὸ σάββατον διὰ τὸν ἄνθρ... [Greek] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [translation] [Albert Pietersma] [aristotle] [Brad Inwood] [gospel of mark] [jesus] [Raphael Woolf] [Sylvie Honigman]


In part 1 of my posting on the gender inclusivity of Jesus in Mark, we compared the LXX Exodus with Mark’s gospel. We also compared Robert Alter’s and Everett Fox’s respective translations of a bit from Exodus with Willis Barnstone̵... [translation] [Craig R. Smith] [NRSV] [TNIV]

June 4, 3PM

This morning, I’m reading the gospel of Mark, chapter 2, and come to this Greek translation of something Jesus said and find that this translation is gender inclusive. Some may object that the Greek gospel writer is not really translating; rather, t... [Bible Versions] [Egalitarianism] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [New Testament] [sexism] [translation] [translation practice] [Ann Nyland] [anthropos] [ESV] [Everett Fox] [jesus] [LXX] [Mark] [Moses] [Sylvie Honigman] [Willis Barnstone]

June 1, 6PM

I don’t remember what year it was or exactly how old I was when it happened.  The kids were young: that much I remember, so I must have been in my mid-40s.  It was summer– I remember that, too.   I was standing in our tiny back yard behind ... [Book Reviews] [philosophy] [religion] [Reviews] [Sociology] [theology]

May 19, 7PM

The Vision of Christ that thou dost see Is my vision’s greatest enemy. Thine has a great hook nose like thine, Mine has a snub nose like to mine. Thine is the Friend of all Mankind; Mine speaks in parables to the blind. Thine loves the same world th... [English] [Greek] [Interpretation] [New Testament] [poetry] [racism] [Septuagint] [Series: Odd Gospel Greek] [sexism] [theology] [translation] [Richard Beck] [William Blake]

May 13, 9PM

I’ve read that in the early and medieval church, describing a woman as a virgin wasn’t so much about the state of her hymen as her autonomous personhood. Especially in a patriarchy, for a woman to be other-than-a-wife set her outside the patri... [Catholicism] [feminism] [music] [dance] [Suor Cristina] [The Voice]

May 8, 7PM

I have written so often of Adam and Ish, claiming a portion of these domains for women. So when I write of Eve, I will not exclude men. Men are Life too, investing in the next generation, caring and nurturing. I know it! Rashi knew it, and when the Hebrew... [Gender] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Septuagint] [sexuality] [translation practice] [Adam] [Cain] [Eve]

May 6, 5PM

I will publicly eat my words, with a little horse radish to disguise the taste. I misjudged Kevin DeYoung rather seriously. I had at first suggested that since he was using this title – The Beauty of Differences – on Heaven and on Earth for ... [Gender] [sexism] [Uncategorized] [CBMW] [CBMW Conference] [Kevin DeYoung]


Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have gotten a man with the help of the Lord.” Jesus knew that they wanted to ask him, so he said to them, “Is this what you are asking yourselves, what I meant by saying, ‘A l... [Bible Versions] [Egalitarianism] [English] [Gender] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Septuagint] [sexism] [translation] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [ESV]

May 4, 7AM

This post is my review of the film The Shack, the movie version of the book. In case you hadn’t read the popular summary of the book, on wikipedia, it begins just like this today: The Shack is a Christian novel by Canadian author William P. Young, ... [Cinema] [Interpretation] [literature] [Series: Whose? Mine, Yours, Theirs?] [Al Mohler] [Antje M. Rauwerda] [Barack Obama] [Barbara Kingsolver] [C. Baxter Kruger] [Elizabeth Lemmons] [Forest Whitaker] [h00die_R] [Ian McEwan] [Idris Elba] [John Franco] [Madeleine Albright] [Oprah Winfrey] [Pearl S. Buck] [Ted Dekker] [Wayne Jacobsen] [William Paul Young] [Yann Martel]

May 3, 9AM

In Kurk’s discussion of Sarah Palin’s equation of baptism with water torture, he pointed out that there were medieval precedents in ecclesial discourse for such juxtapositions and even equivalences. I commented, most of the examples you cite... [Catholicism] [Christianity] [history] [Interpretation] [protestantism] [Rhetoric] [science] [Church History] [evolution] [inquisition] [Reformation] [sarah palin]

April 30, 3PM

The English word baptism comes from early English Bible translators attempting to carry over the sounds of a Greek word using the English alphabet. Here is an example: Or perhaps the English Bible translators were just copying from the Latin Bible trans... [English] [Greek] [Latin] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [translation] [Vulgate] [Benjamin G. Wright] [Benjamin Jowett] [Cameron Boyd-Taylor] [Harold N. Fowler] [John Wyclif] [Lancelot C.L. Brenton] [Moisés Silva] [Paul D. McLean] [Plato] [W. R. M. Lamb] [William Tyndale]

April 29, 2PM

“Well, if I were in charge, they would know that waterboarding is how we’d baptize terrorists,” exclaimed Sarah Palin to rounds of applause this weekend. You know this already, since there’s already been over reporting of this very statement... [history] [Interpretation] [politics] [Blaise Pascal] [Charles W. Connell] [Elizabeth Weber] [Jessica Valenti] [Julie A. Carlson] [sarah palin] [Stephen F. Eisenman]

April 24, 3PM

Suzanne is making some pretty important observations about our human classifications for humans. She has noted, for example, specific places where the Hebrew Bible writer(s) won’t necessarily keep separate the (1) male humans from the (2) not male, or f... [Epistemologies] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Septuagint] [Anne Carson] [aristotle] [Carl Schimmel] [Simon Baron-Cohen]

April 23, 2PM

What does it really mean when Eve said, ‘I have gotten a man with the help of the LORD.’ Of course, what she really said was,  קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת-יְהוָה I have gotten an ish from God. Did she mean that she had born a m... [Bible Versions] [Gender] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Latin] [Septuagint] [sexuality] [translation practice]

April 19, 9AM

It’s Easter week, and I’m thinking about gardens.My own garden is full of tulips and daffodils that are starting to fade now, but my cherry tree is still in bloom and dropping pink petals on the grass.  The grass is bursting out of itself, gr... [Christianity] [Interpretation] [New Testament] [Uncategorized] [Christianity Today] [Preston Yancey]

April 18, 8PM

Having thought about the meaning of the Hebrew word adam for some time, I wanted to go back to a passage I had blogged about some time ago, not sure where. In these two passages, which I reproduce here, adam is both earth-born, and earth-bound; but also... [Greek] [Septuagint] [NETS] [Wisdom of Solomon]


This is a duty kind of post. When I read that DeYoung was going to speak on the topic of “The Beauty of Difference- In Heaven and on Earth,” I thought that he was going to talk about the subordination of women in heaven. According to these notes... [Gender] [CBMW] [Kevin DeYoung]

April 12, 6AM

Deutronomye for Wycliffe was just a strange English word. Likewise, Deuteronomy for the Douay-Rheims Bible translators was just such a strange English word too. Similarly, Deuteronomium for Jerome and for Pagnini translating both (what we call) ... [translation practice]

April 11, 3PM

First read Suzanne’s rich post, The base text of the Douay-Rheims Bible. Now see how the Douay-Rheims Bible English relies on the Latin of various Bibles that relies on the Greek of the Septuagint that relies on the Hebrew of the Torah and of the ... [Bible Versions] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Latin] [Septuagint] [Sante Pagnini] [Vulgate]
Filed under: Literature, Publishing Tagged: Loeb Classical Library [literature] [publishing] [Loeb Classical Library]

April 10, 1PM

Victoria asked the other day if the Douay-Rheims Bible “relied heavily on the Septuagint.” My understanding is that the Douay-Rheims Bible was a translation of the Latin Clementine Vulgate 1592, which is tidied up from the older Vulgate versio... [Greek] [Hebrew] [Latin] [translation practice] [Antwerp Polyglot] [Charles Thomson] [Complutensian Polyglot] [Coverdale Bible] [Douay Rheims] [jerome] [Paula] [Sante Pagnini]

April 7, 5PM

This is just one more thinking out loud, and where do I save this information, kind of post. I was reading the description of Michael Law’s book on the Septuagint, When God Spoke Greek: The Septuagint and the Making of the Christian Bible, How did ... [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [history] [Kabbalah] [Latin] [Translation Theory] [Erika Rummel] [Michael Law] [Paul Grendler] [Pico della Mirandola] [Sante Pagnini]

April 6, 7PM

Many years ago, many, many – I took a course in Septuagint and wrote a paper listing all the types of second language learner errors and patterns and analyzed a book of the deuterocanon – I don’t remember which – as having been wri... [Greek] [Hebrew] [Septuagint] [Translation Theory] [Helmut Engel] [Jeremy Corley] [Judith] [NETS] [S. D. Ryan]

April 5, 11AM

Kurk has pointed out a fundamental problem with the translation of baal as husband in my last post.  I will just work with Jeremiah and only two verses, but lots of contrasts. אֲשֶׁר-הֵמָּה הֵפֵרוּ אֶת-בְּרִיתִי וְאָנ... [Greek] [Hebrew] [Latin] [translation practice]

April 3, 6PM

I have been working on this Hebrew word ish a little more. I was recently told that in Israel, women no longer call their husbands baali (my master) but ishi (my man.) So ishi it is –  ”my man” and not “my master.” This re... [Gender] [translation practice]

April 2, 2PM

I really wondered how Emma Watson and Jennifer Connelly got such great knit tops and scarves for the movie Noah. No knitting needles in sight. Did Russell Crowe himself knit them? Guess not, although he has knit, at least at one point in time. Here is the... [fun] [Emma Watson] [Jennifer Connelly] [Matt Reitsma] [Russell Crowe]


I said I would write more about this because new evidence for the interpretation of Gen. 3:16 iw being called into play, and DeYoung is going to speak on he Beauty of Difference in Heaven and on Earth. First, let me demonstrate that some complementarian w... [Hebrew Bible] [sexism] [translation practice] [Uncategorized] [Gen. 3:16] [Johannes Brenz] [Kevin DeYoung] [Konrad Pellikan] [Martin Luther] [Peter Martyr Vermigli] [Susan Foh] [Tim Challies]

April 1, 5PM

I was studying the difference between the Hebrew words adam and ish, looking at places where they seem to refer to the same class of people, a group that is all female. Here are the two Hebrew passages, Numbers 31:35 and 1 Sam. 30:2. These are my own tran... [Gender] [Translation Theory] [David E. S. Stein]

March 29, 7AM

I went to see Noah – by Darren Arnofsky and Ari Handel – last night – took the kids, got a headache from the improved and marvellous dolby sound system, truly painful. Okay, what’s not to like besides the unremitting racket? The wo... [Cinema] [Movie Reviews] [sexism] [Ari Handel] [Darren Aronofsky] [Ham] [Noah]

March 28, 8AM

Here’s Abram K-J’s “A Short Note on God’s First Greek Words.” And so here are a few short notes on God’s first Greek puns: Γενηθήτω or GenēTHḗtō and Γενηθήτωσαν or GenēTHḗtōsan are not only &... [fun] [Hebrew Bible] [poetry] [Septuagint] [translation]

March 27, 2PM

The reviews of President Carter’s latest book, A Call to Action: Women, Religion, Violence, and Power, have been generally very favorable and rightly so. So I only offer two of my favorite quotations: it touches every nation, perpetuating and expand... [Book Reviews] [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [Gender] [religion] [science] [sexism] [social justice] [President Jimmy Carter]


Caleb’s Crossing is the story of the first native American graduate of Harvard, Caleb Cheeshahteaumauk. The story is told from the perspective of the fictional daughter of the preacher who first tutored Caleb in English, Latin, Greek and Hebrew, pre... [Book Reviews] [racism] [sexism] [Caleb Cheeshahteaumauk] [Charles Chauncy] [Geraldine Brooks] [John Harvard]

March 24, 8PM

Over at Vox Nova, David Cruz-Uribe is hosting a three week scriptural reflection on the Creed as a Lenten exercise. He has asked that the discussion there remain focused on scripture, and not digress to talk about issues of translation or other theologica... [Christianity] [English] [Greek] [Latin] [liturgy] [theology] [translation] [Nicene Creed]


I had a chance to pick up a new sealed copy of the CD version of the Jelly Roll Morton interviews and performances recorded in Alan Lomax in 1938 for the Library of Congress at a terrific price ($20).  As a web page on the Library of Congress brags, ... [music] [Alan Lomax] [Alistaire Cooke] [explicit content] [Harold Spivacke] [jazz] [Jelly Roll Morton] [John Szwed] [Miley Cyrus] [MPAA] [parental advisory] [Parents Music Resource Center] [PMRC] [RIAA] [RobinThicke] [Tipper Gore] [Tipper Sticker] [Walmart] [Washington Wives]

March 23, 5AM

For the 12th annual Willis Barnstone Translation Prize, there are three winners. Congratulations go to Stephen Campiglio, Sara Nović, and Marci Vogel! If you entered the contest, as I did, then you received the notice last week. Here’s the letter... [poetry] [translation] [Uncategorized] [Marci Vogel] [Sara Nović] [Stephen Campiglio] [Willis Barnstone] [Willis Barnstone Translation Prize]

March 21, 8PM

(Suzanne has started blogging here on the Council For Biblical Manhood and Womanhood’s position on gender roles  and eternal subordination.  This post, cross-posted from Wordgazer’s Words, is a contribution to that conversation.) Julie An... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [Gender] [religion] [biblical manhood and womanhood] [CBMW] [Logical Fallacies]

March 20, 1PM

I am going to blog for a few days on the Council of Biblical Manhood and Womanhood. You can read up on some details at the Wartburg Watch. I was given a copy of Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood in 1992, and have been familiar with the movement o... [sexism] [Uncategorized] [CBMW] [Daniel Heimbach] [Grant Castleberry] [John Frame] [Kevin DeYoung] [Mark David Walton] [Susan Foh]

March 18, 5PM

I am a little astounded that there are already 1,771 reviews of The Invention of Wings on Amazon and it was only published two months ago. Apparently the Kindle edition has notes by Oprah Winfrey, which most readers don’t seem to appreciate all that... [Book Reviews] [feminism] [Uncategorized] [12 Years A Slave] [419] [Angelina Grimké] [Elizabeth Cady Stanton] [Haru Kunzru] [Miriam Gurko] [Sarah Grimké] [Seneca Falls] [Spymistress] [Sue Monk Kidd]


In reading and writing about “women of valour” I noticed a group, which I should have known of before, called “Women of Courage.” They are an interdenominational Canadian group helping out women in different parts of the world, cal... [feminism] [Inclusive Bible] [inclusive language]

March 12, 8PM

Sort of imitating Rachel Held Evans here, but for good reason. Of course, I really want to talk about hockey – we are so proud of our women, as well as our men! And my sister just saw K. D. Lang yesterday, reminding me of her rendition of Hallelujah... [feminism] [history] [music] [Television] [Bernice Gerard] [K. D. Lang] [Leonard Cohen] [Nellie McClung] [Rachel Held Evans]

March 9, 8AM

There is an exhibition of Gustave Doré in the Musée d’Orsay this winter, and then it moves on to Ottawa, Canada (yes, the capital city that many Harvard students can’t name) this summer. I am very excited about this exhibition, but also hav... [art] [Uncategorized] [Gustave Doré]

March 7, 4PM

Joseph Novak has put up a “Minimum Bible” site with minimalist graphic posters illustrating the books of the Protestant Bible.  Here are three examples: Filed under: Art, Hebrew Bible, New Testament Tagged: Joseph Novak, Minimum Bible [art] [Hebrew Bible] [New Testament] [Joseph Novak] [Minimum Bible]

March 1, 3PM

I was a little taken aback recently when I followed  link to a post about five women of the early Christian church that we ought to be familiar with. One of the women was Katherine of Alexandria. I looked her up, wondering why I had never heard of her be... [biography] [feminism] [Movie Reviews] [Judith] [Katherine of Alexandria] [Peter O'Toole]

February 28, 10AM

I have now read repeated reports that The Gideons are now distributing (along with their traditional distribution of the KJV) a variant of the ESV that has been modified to include “missing verses” from the Textus Receptus.  According to some acc... [Bible Versions] [apocrpypha] [crossway] [ESV] [Gideons] [Lectionary] [Majority Text] [Textus Receptus] [The Gideons] [The Gideons International]


This post is slightly irregular. Carolyn McCulley has mentioned that she may be closing down her blog, and I wanted to save this post of hers from July 2, 2007, The reason that I am copy... [sexism] [social justice] [Uncategorized]

February 21, 4PM

BLT co-blogger Victoria has published a brilliant interview about music and theology here; and I encourage you to read it.  I want to talk about an aesthetically simpler issue:  musical fraud. I rarely watch television, and I don’t subscribe t... [ethics] [music] [Daisuke Takahashi] [deafness] [Hiroshima Symphony] [History of the Conquest of Mexico] [History of the Conquest of Peru] [Leonhard Euler] [Ludwig van Beethoven] [Mamoru Samuragochi] [Mikkun] [Miku Okubo] [Milli Vanilli] [Sonatina for Violin] [Takashi Niigaki] [William H. Prescott]

February 15, 6PM

February 13, 6PM

In an interesting pair of comments to a post on Tim McCormick’s bog Catholic Bible, active commenter CJA Mayo observed:  The canon is closed, and can not be re-opened. The Jews lost their stewardship of the old revelation around the time the NT ca... [Hebrew Bible] [Judeo-Christian relations] [LDS Scriptures] [Septuagint] [Book of Mormon] [Deuterocanon] [Dialogue with Trypho] [Divino Afflanta Spiritu] [Justin martyr] [Masoretic texts] [NETS] [NRSV] [OTP] [RSV] [Septuagints] [Vulgate]


February 11, 5PM

February 9, 12 PM

Cross-posted from Wordgazer’s Words. A lot of people have been talking this week about the Bill Nye/Ken Ham Debate on Creationism vs. Evolution.  So I decided to weigh in with where I stand on this issue. When I converted to Christianity at the ag... [Christianity] [literature] [science] [Uncategorized] [bible genres] [creationism] [evolution]

February 2, 8AM

In the Anglo Saxon Gospels, the phrase for huioi theou in the Greek – therefore by fiat of Wayne Grudem, “sons of God” – has actually been translated as godes bearn, “children of God.” The Lindisfarne Gospels, however, ... [Gender] [translation practice] [children of God] [Resources]

January 28, 9AM

υἱός 1. —son, Il.6.366, etc.; υἱὸν ποιεῖσθαί τινα to adopt as a son,Aeschin.2.28; υἱεῖς ἄνδρες grown-up sons, D. 25.88: metaph., Κόρον Ὕβριοςυἱόν Orac. ap. Hdt.8.77: rarely of animal... [Hebrew Bible] [sexism] [translation practice] [children of God] [Liddell Scott Jones]
This is from the Dictionary of Biblical Imagery edited by Leland Ryken, James C. Wilhoit and Tremper Longman III, 1998. Even though Leland Ryken is the original literary stylist of the ESV, there is not one mention of “sons” in the following ... [sexism] [translation practice] [children of God] [James Wilhoit] [leland ryken] [Tremper Longman III]

January 25, 8PM

I remember being told by my pastor how much easier it was to teach the gospel with the words “adoption as sons” for the Greek word uiothesia, than “adoption as children.” He explained to me about Romans laws regarding inheritance a... [Gender] [translation practice] [Uncategorized] [Bishop's Bible] [Calvin's Bible] [children of God] [Coverdale] [ESV] [geneva bible] [KJV] [Luther's Bible] [NIV2011] [Tyndale Bible]


In her blog post How to create (and perhaps uncreate) a scared-stiff fundamentalist, Crystal St. Marie Lewis examines the language of religious fundamentalism and its hierarchical familial and ecclesial structures (with helpful diagrams! so do click throu... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [Gender] [Uncategorized] [church hierarchy] [family hierarchy] [Fundamentalism] [obedience] [submission] [Virgin Mary]

January 17, 12 PM

Even though the landscape is familiar, these poems are meditations on the attributes and value of words. I sat by the lake, under the hemlock, flat needles carpeting the ground, the familiar smell mingled with close-by cedar. The wind blew down from the d... [poetry]

January 16, 2PM

This passage is from the Redlands Community Church When You Say “I do” pamphlet by Timothy Keller and Jeffery White, 2009, page 48. They cite Allender and Longman’s book, Intimate Allies, 1995. So, first off, I want to admit that this i... [Egalitarianism] [Gender] [sexism] [Dan Allender] [Jeffery White] [Larry Crabb] [Tim Keller] [Tremper Longman III]

January 15, 2PM

I hope this isn’t too redundant, but I have posted links to a few poems from this last year in chronological order, to show how a sense of mortality approaches and recedes, and approaches again, I guess, always. But also, themes of gender reconcilia... [poetry] [dying]


So here is one thing that I have been thinking over. “Everlasting,” and “forever” have the same meaning as “eternal,” but they lack an association with an abstract noun, so they are limited in transferring to a philosop... [Translation Theory] [eternal]
The Voice is one version, at least, in English that uses “Eternal” for God. I think someone has mentioned others. I forget. Filed under: Translation Practice Tagged: Eternal, The Voice [translation practice] [eternal] [The Voice]

January 12, 6PM

Some of the things that I have been blogging about this fall are the trinity, and really trying to understand Augustine’s Book on the topic. I find the current teaching on the trinity to be very upsetting. I always hear it like this. “God sent... [Uncategorized] [augustine] [Franz Rosenzweig] [Holocaust] [immanence] [transcendence]

January 9, 5PM

Voice by Suzanne McCarthy via BLT (#23740)
It makes me happy to write about things that I have seen and felt. So even though I thought of this as one of the last few weeks of my life, I felt happy when I wrote this last July, I am looking out my window at the mountain now That we climbed last fall... [poetry] [dying]

January 8, 1PM

I know how fortunate I am, and how I have so much more to be thankful for than most people. I have a husband and a lovely house, and two loving young adult children. My cup is overflowing. But it wasn’t always this way. In fact, I have spent much of... [Uncategorized] [dying] [nature]

January 7, 9AM

I haven’t mentioned yet what I spent most of my time doing as I lay in the hospital bed, my last two weeks in hospital, thinking “this is it.” First, I phoned my older sister who is a professor and has no children of her own. She really ... [Uncategorized] [dying]

January 6, 9PM

I have taken the title from Don Carson.  He gives more details here. Yes, I agree, being betrayed is sometimes more painful than being close to death. Who betrayed me? Here is the list, familiar to Carson, I think. At the end of the list, we read this q... [Uncategorized] [Don Carson] [dying]


So I want to say up front that in the summer I almost died of renal failure. As it happens, this is recognized as one of the gentlest ways to die. I felt short of breath, and could only walk a few feet or stand a minute or so, without falling over. But ly... [Uncategorized] [dying]

January 5, 10PM

First, I don’t quite mean it exactly as it sounds, but I have published a little profile image to go with comments. Also I have experienced some dramatic lifestyle changes this year. A few years ago I met a psychologist from New York and we kept in ... [Administrivia] [disability]

January 4, 7PM

“Alert” is an anagram of “Alter” – and Robert Alter’s meritorious translation and commentary of Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes is currently on sale in hardcover for $14 exactly on Amazon – cheaper than Amazon’s price for the corresponding pap... [Hebrew Bible] [publishing] [translation] [Ecclesiastes] [Job] [Proverbs] [Robert Alter] [Wisdom Books]
I’ve scanned a number of lists of “top news of 2013,” but to my surprise, none of the ones I looked at included what was undoubtedly one of the most important stories of 2013:  the discovery of Richard III’s remains under a parking lot in Lei... [history] [Journalism] [Leicester] [mainstream media] [middle ages] [parking lots] [Richard III] [War of the Roses]

January 1, 3PM

This is a very familiar liturgical hymn for Jews, dating back to the 15th century liturgies, and supposed to be from the 11th century or perhaps much earlier. The first line has often been translated “Lord of the Universe” since olam can mean ... [English] [French] [German] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Judaism] [Kabbalah] [translation practice] [Adon Olam] [eternal] [Olivétan]


Here is a selection of books, old and new, that are about women, by women, and about participation in the world of ideas, institutions, wars, market economy, art, exegesis and life in general. Elizabeth Gaskell – 19th century, any movies or books (K... [feminism] [literature] [Alice Kober] [Christina of Markyate] [Elizabeth Gaskel] [Elizabeth Van Lew] [George Elliot] [Glückel of Hameln] [Helene Wecker] [Jane Fortune] [Jennifer Chiaverini] [Lynn Cullen] [Madeleine L'Engle] [Margalit Fox] [Sofonisba Anguissola]

December 31 2013, 2PM

On exhibit at the Kimball Art Museum in Fort Worth is show of art called “The Age of …”; here, today I took a photo from the outside in (since photography isn’t permitted within). Once inside, I studied carefully the 107 pieces, m... [art] [sexism] [Gabriele Münter] [Nathalija Gontcharova] [Suzanne Duchamp]


I read this with great interest and sympathy, China of my Mind . I to0 have many aunts and uncles, in laws and outlaws, who were in China, one being the first Brit to transverse China from ocean to India, another starting a boarding school, some incarce... [literature] [poetry]
HT  Challies. I had so many perplexing moments lining up for black tea with homo milk and a serviette, while wearing a tuque and my skookum boots! There seemed to be some suggestion that I was just making all these words up. But no, here it is on the in... [fun]


Continuing to read De Trinitate by Augustine, as I listened to Wayne Grudem  and here, insist on the single working of the Father rather than on the indivisible working of the Trinity as Augustine does. Bruce Ware is relevant here because he introduced ... [Egalitarianism] [sexism] [augustine] [Bruce Ware] [Trinity] [Wayne Grudem]

December 29, 11PM

Charles Dickens’s horror story, “A Christmas Carol,” has seen countless adaptations in movies, stage, television, and radio.  But inevitably, those adaptations focus on the heartwarming aspects of the Dickens tale, rather than the sheer fright ... [literature] [Charles Dickens] [David Baldeon] [Jeremy Treece] [Jim McCann] [Marvel] [Zombies Christmas Carol]


Today would be Pablo Casal’s 137th birthday. Filed under: Music Tagged: cello, Cello Suites, Johann Sebastian Bach, Pablo Casals [music] [cello] [Cello Suites] [Johann Sebastian Bach] [Pablo Casals]


On October 4th, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, launching the space race.   On the same day, the Jewish Odessa-born Soviet violinist David Oistrakh and his piano accompanist Vladimir Yampolsky arrived i... [music] [china] [cultural revolution] [David Oistrakh] [Jindong Cai] [Nina Dorliak] [Sheila Melvin] [Soviet Union] [Sviatoslav Richter] [Vladimir Yampolsky]


I am going to work through Augustine’s De Trinitate in sequence. I hope this will still respond to the comments made on the previous post. In Grudem’s theology, Father and Son have separate functions, God as sender, planner, initiator, directo... [Egalitarianism] [sexism] [augustine] [SBTS] [Trinity] [Wayne Grudem]


I just finished listening to this conference session, displayed below. It’s worth listening to the last 10 minutes at least. Grudem critiques the works of various Egalitarian theologians, most of which I have not read, so I can’t interact wel... [Egalitarianism] [sexism] [Uncategorized] [augustine] [SBTS] [Trinity] [Wayne Grudem]


Some of my favorite bloggers are looking back at this past year on the Gregorian calendar and noting their top-read posts. I enjoy this sort of marking of superlatives, somehow aggregated as if objectively, in such a subjective way. So maybe you’ll ... [Administrivia] [blogging]

December 28, 10PM

If you find yourself with a few minutes with nothing to amuse you, you may wish to try Classical FM’s “composer or pasta” quiz.Filed under: Fun Tagged: classical music, composers, Italian, Italy, pasta [fun] [classical music] [composers] [Italian] [Italy] [pasta]


“Miracle on 34th Street,” as most Americans know, is a Christmas classic movie from 1947 about a department-store Santa who claims to be the real thing.  I watched it again this year on Christmas night, after all the presents were opened, Ch... [Christianity] [Cinema] [Interpretation] [Uncategorized] [Christmas] [faith] [film] [Interpretation]

December 25, 8AM

In the Greek gospel of Luke there’s intended or unintended wordplay that hearkens to the literatures of Hesiod’s Theo-GON-y, Aristotle’s GENE-eration of Animals, and the Septuagint’s GENE-sis. The language is poetic, rhetorical, po... [English] [Greek] [Interpretation] [literature] [New Testament] [poetry] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [translation] [aristotle] [Genesis] [Hesiod] [Luke] [Luke 2:6-14] [Nativity] [nativity scenes] [The Gospel of Luke]

December 22, 4PM

I was floored to discover that little girls really do prefer dolls and pretty dresses, even if you clothe them in blue jeans and keep giving them toy trucks in their hand. There was something deeper, more ancient, more body-based in gender roles than I ... [Gender] [Uncategorized] [Christmas] [toys]


Was David a Virgin when his soul was pregnant? This is, of course, as we all would agree just a silly little question. And yet it is seriously my attempt to bring some attention to the way in Bible reading and translation we highlight gender and sex and m... [Christianity] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [Judaism] [Judeo-Christian relations] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [translation] [Advent] [Magnificat]

December 19, 12 PM

The writer of the Greek gospel of Matthew knew his biblical sex verbs. His intended Jewish audience knew them too. Their shared biblical knowledge signaled a sort of insider intimacy. This worked somewhat like I’m trying to make this English blogpos... [Interpretation]

December 18, 4PM

  Card perfect view From the bridge Of the tumbling creek between loaves of snow   But walk in those woods Under the branches heavy with snow where the low grey stripped limbs of hemlock curl up toward the overhanging branches still needled ... [Uncategorized]


The Virgin Mary made me nervous. When I was a child growing up in a predominantly Roman Catholic town in Massachusetts, my friends informed me the Jesus would return the same way he had come before — that is, a Jewish virgin would be his mother. Bei... [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [Interpretation] [sexism] [Amy-Jill Levine] [gospel] [gospels] [Matthew]

December 17, 2PM

December 16, 7AM

Here is part of Exodus 3 in the first Olivétan Bible 1535, printed by Pierre de Vingle. The complicated script is somewhat degraded in this facsimile. You can pick out the name L’eternel at the end of line 15. Filed under: French, Translation Prac... [French] [translation practice] [fonts] [Gothic Batarde] [Olivétan] [Pierre de Vingle]

December 15, 9PM

I began to think that Olivétan had surely not come up with the name “Eternel” on his own. He had a library of 70 books with him as a resource. Certainly a great number for that time. In fact, when he died, he left his books to Calvin who sold... [French] [Hebrew] [accents] [Daniel Bomberg] [eternal] [john calvin] [Maimonides] [Olivétan]

December 13, 2PM

Jorge Luis Borges and Margarita Guerrero together wrote a series of essays on various deities and monsters in literature. These were compiled and published in book form under titles such as Manual de zoología fantástica and El libro de los seres imagina... [English] [fun] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [literature] [Spanish] [translation] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [Andrew Hurley] [Ann Nyland] [Jorge Luis Borges] [Lilith] [Margarita Guerrero] [Norman Thomas di Giovanni] [Rebecca Lesses]

December 12, 12 PM

Bilingual poets are just fascinating. They live in a world of ambiguities, two worlds. Jorge Luis Borges is one such individual. This week I’m a bit compelled to call him and his language(s) “optimistic.” At the very least, I think I wan... [languages] [translation] [Alberto Manguel] [G. K. Chesterton] [John Wilkins] [Jorge Luis Borges] [Mark Liberman] [Willis Barnstone]


Just a few brief citations from Franz Rosenzweig regarding Mendelssohn’s choice of Der Ewige (The Eternal), first from here,  page 175  1923, Rosenzweig congratulates Mendelssohn for capturing or attempting to capture, in one phrase God’s p... [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Judaism] [translation practice] [eternal] [Franz Rosenzweig] [Martin Buber] [Moses Mendelssohn]


This will be a bit sketchy, a plane to catch this afternoon. But the problem with LORD is that it is anthropomorphic, and extension of a word for a certain type of human, a male boss, with sometimes unlimited rights. Almost all names for God are anthropom... [Gender] [Hebrew] [translation practice] [elohim] [eternal] [Franz Rosenzweig] [Shaddai] [Yahweh]

December 11, 7PM

Kurk has noted that Everett Fox wrote, 1995, in his intro, remarks, on page xxix, Historically, Jewish and Christian translations of the Bible into English have tended to use ‘Lord,’ with some exceptions (notably, Moffatt’s ‘The Eternal’). But ... [English] [Hebrew] [Judaism] [translation practice] [Uncategorized] [Abraham Benisch] [David E. Stein] [eternal] [Everett Fox] [Franz Rosenzweig] [Grace Aguilar] [Isaac Leeser] [James Moffat] [Martin Buber]


Here’s from a couple of pages of The Divine Conspiracy by Dallas Willard:       But if indeed there is now no body of moral knowledge in our culture, then a number of things highly positioned people express surprise about are not surprising at ... [classism] [ethics] [philosophy] [sexism] [sexuality] [social justice] [Dallas Willard] [Robert Coles]


I have found “The Eternal” used in Jewish English Bible translations but it seems to have disappeared again. In the early 1800′s, the very successful Jewish author of fiction and non-fiction, Grace Aguilar, used the expression, The Etern... [French] [German] [Hebrew] [Judaism] [translation practice] [Abraham Benisch] [eternal] [Grace Aguilar] [JPS 1917]

December 10, 3PM

I am happy to see that not only the Darbyites, but women too, have their own wine. Last night I enjoyed a meal cooked by a woman, wine distilled by women, over five generations, Les Chateau Doms wines, and reading sermons by women – Let Her Speak F... [fun] [Chateau Doms] [Heather Weir] [Marion Ann Taylor] [Wine]

December 9, 9PM

Ekklesia reports that the publishing agency of the Mennonite Church (USA and Canada) has decided, after a discernment process with denominational leaders, to include the following statement at the beginning of all books by John Howard Yoder: John Howard Y... [Christianity] [publishing] [social justice] [theology]


Marg Mowczko quotes the NIV and adds a little interpolation in brackets, when she says the following: Numbers 11:12 indicates that God wanted Moses to lead in a maternal way. Moses complains and says: “Did I conceive all these people? Did I give them bi... [Hebrew Bible] [Septuagint] [Exodus] [Five Books of Moses] [Marg Mowczko] [Moses] [NETS] [Numbers] [Pentateuch] [Peter W. Flint] [Torah] [Written Torah]


Thus says the Lord: “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens because the nations are dismayed at them, for the customs of the peoples are vanity. A tree from the forest is cut down and worked with an axe by the hand... [fun] [humor] [Interpretation]

December 8, 7PM

I grew up in the Plymouth Brethren or the Darbyites, as outsiders might call us, to identify us with John Nelson Darby. In French this group was called the Darbystes. I was researching the Darbystes and the first hits were the name of a Belgium beer. I di... [fun]


Here’s from a couple of pages of Standing in the Shoes My Mother Made: A Womanist Theology by Diana L. Hayes: With the violent rebellion of Nat Turner, a black slave minister, and the growing Northern agitation against slavery, much of the slaves... [feminism] [racism] [Series: Whose? Mine, Yours, Theirs?] [womanism] [Advent] [Diana L. Hayes] [Nat Turner] [Timothy L. Smith]

December 7, 8PM

Over at Gaudete Theology, I’ve done a fairly close read of the questionnaire that is part of the Preparatory Document for the Extraordinary Synod on the Family that Pope Francis has called for October 2014. This is the questionnaire that caused a fl... [Catholicism]

December 5, 7PM

There seems to be an ongoing dearth of good books about women of faith who are dynamic leaders in stereotypic male domains. The women exist, the books exist, so here are a few of my recent favourites. I already mentioned (I think): The Creation of Eve abo... [biography] [Gender] [literature] [Alan Levenson] [Clara Barton] [Daniel Silva] [Elizabeth Van Lew] [Nehama Leibowitz] [Sofonisba Anguissola] [Tivka Frymer-Kensky] [Tremper Longman III] [Wayne Grudem]

December 4, 9PM

Well, sort of: pictures of cats with Latin captions on them. No LOLSpeak involved, thank goodness. (I get a kick out of LOLspeak in English, but in Latin it would be… just wrong.) This one made me laugh out loud: (Translation: We have all sinned: s... [humor] [Latin] [cats]

November 29, 7PM

We celebrated Hanukkah and Thanksgiving at the same time yesterday, and it will not happen again for 80,000 years!  We were trying to figure out how to say Thanksgiving in Hebrew without much luck. We do know that ”thank you” is תודה (... [Hebrew] [Uncategorized] [Hanukkah] [Thanksgiving]


I’ve started a new blog project, devoted to the little things that every Catholic should know, but often don’t. Every week or so I’ll put up a brief post about one of those little things, along with a poll where you can vote on whether o... [Catholicism]

November 27, 12 PM

The gospel of John seems to have Jesus observing the feast but in a dispute on Hanukkah. Verses 22 & 22 of Chapter 10 in the New Revised Standard Version in the Jewish Annotated New Testament read as follows: 22 At that time the festival of the Dedica... [Christianity] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Judaism] [Judeo-Christian relations] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Series: Odd Gospel Greek] [chanukah] [Chanukkah] [Hanukkah]

November 23, 12 PM

[Reposted from Wordgazer's Words] When the Dark comes rising, six shall turn it back, Three from the circle, three from the track; Wood, bronze, iron, water, fire, stone; Five shall return, and one go alone. - Susan Cooper, The Dark is Rising, 1973 I firs... [Uncategorized]

November 18, 9PM

When I was little, I was asked a riddle, “What is the beginning of eternity, and the end of time and space?” See the end of the post for the answer. I also noticed that the LORD was L’Éternel in French, my grandfather’s language. ... [French] [German] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [translation practice] [Calvin] [Der Ewige] [Franz Rosenzweig] [L'Éternel] [Luther] [Martin Buber] [Moses Mendelssohn] [Olivétan]


After thinking about wedding songs as the domain of women, I read here that drumming was also the exclusive domain of women in the Hebrew Bible. All references to hand drums, often called a tambourine or timbrel, mention women, Miriam, Japheth’s dau... [fun] [Gender] [Hebrew] [music]

November 16, 7AM

How about the Septuagint translator(s) of the Hebrew Song of Songs if authored by a woman? Was she also a woman, then, rendering the Hebrew into Hellene? And how would a female do that? What sort of Greek would she use? NETS translator Jay C. Treat leaves... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Septuagint] [sexuality] [translation] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [A New English Translation of the Septuagint and the Other Greek Translations Traditionally Included Under that Title] [Jay C. Treat] [Song of Songs]

November 14, 9AM

I just can’t resist posting this pic of my daughter’s older Apple laptop. In my view, laptops are supposed to die with a whimper not a bang. This one was thrown outside and the flames were put out with a fire extinguisher. In other irritating ... [Administrivia] [Apple laptop explosion]

November 13, 4PM

I have not been such a fan of commentaries, having been exposed to too many conservative ones, but this one is a delight! Here is a good review of the book overall. The review does mention that he does not refer to Ariel and Chana Bloch’s book The... [Egalitarianism] [Gender] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [poetry] [sexuality] [richard bauckham] [Sappho] [Song of Songs] [Tremper Longman III]

November 11, 12 PM

November 14th marks the hundredth anniversary of Swann’s Way, the first volume in Marcel Proust’s fabulous but challenging massive novel about time and memories:  In Search of Lost Time. In honor of Proust, French cultural agencies have sponsored... [literature] [France] [In Search of Lost Time] [Lydia Davis] [Marcel Proust] [Proust Ink] [Radio Proust] [Swann's Way] [William Carter]


Suzanne’s post gives us context to consider “wombly feelings, family loyalty” as understood by “the brother and sister” who are “of the “same womb, biologically related,” children and then adults who experie... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [history] [Interpretation] [Judaism] [Judeo-Christian relations] [Latin] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Series: Greek Isaiah] [Series: Whose? Mine, Yours, There?] [translation]

November 10, 11AM

I have been thinking a lot about Kurk’s post on Joseph and motherly instincts. Of course, this shows how little of the original culture shows through in English. The two women were both female, but only one had a biological link to the child. Joseph... [Gender] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Interpretation] [adelphos] [Darius] [rechem] [womb]

November 9, 8PM

Now that linguistic data has suggested that the Song of Solomon was written in the 3rd century BC, some are looking closer at its structure as a wedding song, in the same genre as Sappho’s songs, and wondering if there was an influence. Here is a th... [art] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [poetry] [sexuality] [Sappho] [Song of Solomon]

November 8, 12 PM

When she’s a mother, even a mother in question, then readers and Bible translators have little trouble having her act motherly. For example, in the biblical story of the man, King Solomon, and of that wisdom of his, there are women who are unnamed a... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [literature] [poetry] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [translation] [1 Kings 3:26] [Benjamin] [Bernard A. Taylor] [Craig R. Smith] [Genesis 43:30] [Inclusive Bible] [Inclusive Bible First English Translation] [Isaiah 63:15] [Joseph] [Moisés Silva] [NET Bible] [NETS] [Solomon]

November 6, 7AM

I picked up Invisible Women by Jane Fortune in Florence last week and set out to view some of the works by approximately 100 women painters displayed in Florence. Of course, I really wanted to see this picture by Artemesia Gentileschi so I made sure to vi... [art] [Hebrew Bible] [history] [Interpretation] [Artemesia Gentileschi] [David] [Jane Fortune] [Linda Nochlin]

November 5, 8PM

Prayers to She Who Is by William Cleary My rating: 3 of 5 stars I took this out of the Interfaith Library the other day and leafed through it. It’s based on the work and words of Sr. Dr. Elizabeth Johnson, whose book She Who Is: The Mystery of God i... [art] [Book Reviews] [Christianity] [feminism] [social justice] [Elizabeth Johnson] [names of God] [Prayer]

November 3, 3PM

The difference that emerges here is not the polarity intrinsic in the dominant discourse, which reduces “woman to man’s opposite, his other, the negative of the positive.” No, this is an absolute and radical alterity that enfolds the other, as in pr... [feminism] [Gender] [Rhetoric] [blogging] [Jassy Watson] [Julia Kristeva] [Julia Marks] [Nancy Mairs] [Rachel Barenblat] [Suzanne McCarthy] [Wendy Patrice Williams]


λέγει ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ πρὸς αὐτόν… καὶ λέγει αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς, τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σοί, γύναι; the mother of Jesus said to him… And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what d... [Series: Odd Gospel Greek]

November 2, 5AM

How does Malcolm Gladwell write of Goliath? And David for that matter? How are we to read it? The Bible Goliath and his? First this (on the Bible Abraham) - Above all we must keep in mind that narrative is a form of representation. Abraham in Genesis is n... [Uncategorized] [Adele Berlin] [Joel Baden] [Malcolm Gladwell]

October 31, 12 PM

Over the past few days, and hours, there’s come news about the manuscripts of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein being digitized. See the Washington Post’s It’s alive — and digital!; the New York Times’ ‘Frankenstein’ Manuscript C... [literature] [publishing] [Frankenstein] [Mary Shelley]


This is a “so what” post. I really like the comment of my co-blogger, Craig, saying, “I have always found this whole discussion irritating. Our words for our parents obviously come from infancy.” It is irritating, to me too. (This ... [Interpretation]

October 30, 3PM

Each of the three occurrences of αββα in the NT is followed by the Greek translation ο πατερ, “the father.” This translation makes clear its meaning to the writers; the form is a literal translation — “father” plus a definite article ... [aramaic] [English] [French] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Italian] [Polish] [Russian]

October 29, 5AM

“Abba Isn’t ‘Daddy’” said the late James Barr, scholar. “Abba Isn’t Daddy” repeats Steve Caruso, Aramaic translator, even on his more scholarly Aramaic Designs About Page. He quotes Mary Rose D’Angelo,... [aramaic] [Greek] [George Theodoridis] [James Barr] [Mary Rose D'Angelo] [Steve Caruso]

October 26, 4AM

It’s already started! Just as predicted: Last month Sheikh Salah al-Luhaydan, a well-known cleric who also practises psychology, claimed on a popular Saudi website that it has been scientifically proved that driving “affects the ovaries” and lea... [humor] [Saudi Arabia] [women driving]
Yesterday, The Malaysian Insider continued to publish strong and public responses to news earlier this month that a “Malaysian appeals court has upheld a government ban against the use of the word ‘Allah’ to refer to God in non-Muslim fa... [Christianity] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Indonesian] [Islam] [Malay] [translation] [Uncategorized] [Bob Teoh] [Rama Ramanathan]

October 23, 1PM


The Emily Dickinson archive, containing high-resolution images of Emily Dickinson’s original handwritten manuscripts, is now live.  Emily Dickinson Archive makes high-resolution images of Dickinson’s surviving manuscripts available in open acces... [poetry] [Emily Dickinson]

October 22, 12 PM

Quick History of a Greek Frozen Phrase Around 300 years before Jesus, the phrase “ἄρσεν καὶ θῆλυ” showed up in written Greek as something Aristotle supposedly wrote. Half a century later or so, the phrase “ἄρσεν κα... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [Judaism] [literature] [New Testament] [poetry] [Septuagint] [sexism] [translation] [aristotle] [Five Books of Moses] [frozen phrases] [Galatians 3:28] [Genesis 1:27] [jesus] [Mark 10] [Matthew 19] [Moses] [St. Paul] [Wayne Grudem]

October 21, 10AM

Wayne Grudem’s and Barry Asmus’s book may fall into the hands of women who are church leaders, even pastors, in poor nations. If you’re one of those, how should you then read it? The male authors, both respective church leaders (and head... [Egalitarianism] [Interpretation] [sexism] [Wayne Grudem]

October 20, 4PM

Suzanne recently directed us to the Rev. Dr. Wayne Grudem’s latest book in which he declares “that women should have the same opportunities as men to hold jobs, to be educated, to be trained for careers.” His granddaughter, Hannah, has s... [Egalitarianism] [sexism] [complementarianism] [Wayne Grudem]

October 19, 6AM

When I read Psalm 34 in the Greek (aka the Septuagint’s Psalm 33), I have lots of questions. For example, does the psalmist have a possibly-pregnant female soul? And does this particular Hellene translation of the Hebrew add any literary sparks and ... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms]

October 18, 3PM

October 17, 5PM

Update: Grudem recants everything he has said about women  well almost everything … This makes me cry to think of how so many of us lived without these freedoms and now so easily, poof, all that reasoning is gone. We can now have all of this. A li... [Gender] [Barry Asmus] [Wayne Grudem]

October 16, 7PM

The British Library has published David Crystal’s recording Tyndale’s translation of St. Matthew’s Gospel.  (I found the cheapest price – about $14 – by ordering from from a UK proxy).  This goes perfectly with the... [Book Reviews] [New Testament] [publishing] [Beowulf] [David Crystal] [early modern English] [Geoffrey Chaucer] [Johnny Cash] [original pronunciation] [William Shakespeare] [William Tyndale]

October 15, 8AM

The Book of Doctrines and Opinions recently posted An Interview with Dr. Shai Secunda about The Iranian Talmud that I thought might be of interest to BLT readers, particularly including the historical review at the beginning of the post: The contextual s... [Judaism] [Talmud] [Babylonian Talmud] [feminism] [Greco-Roman] [Iran] [menstruation] [Middle Persian] [Rabbinic writings] [Sasanian dynasty] [Shai Secunda] [zoroastrianism]


“Curl up with thirteen spooky articles from our history journals.  The collection is free through the end of the month.” Filed under: History, Publishing Tagged: Halloween, Oxford Journals [history] [publishing] [halloween] [Oxford Journals]

October 13, 9PM

I was half-listening to a lecture by Alasdair MacIntyre this evening in which he talked about inferring the ends (as in telos) of things based on their natures. For example, the proper end of a frog is to be fully a frog, to achieve the fullness of frogne... [disability] [philosophy] [science] [alasdair macintyre] [James Keenan] [natural law] [normal] [statistics]

October 12, 6PM

…and on things other people have said in response. I’ve been horribly busy over the past few months, but I’ve managed to write a few pope-centric posts at Gaudete Theology that might be of interest to BLT readers. Here are the titles and... [Catholicism] [atheism] [doctrines] [Germaine Grisez] [papal interview] [Pope Francis] [proselytism]

October 10, 7PM

Before this morning, if I were asked to name the best contemporary Canadian author in English*, I would have responded, without hesitation, Robertson Davies (yes, I know he died in 1995, but for me, he is still a vital author).  If pressed for anothe... [literature] [Alice Munroe] [Leonard Cohen] [Margaret Atwood] [Michael Ondaatje] [Mordecai Richler] [Nobel Prize] [Nobel Prize for Literature] [Robertson Davies]

October 9, 5AM

A few days ago Marg Mowczko’s Blog New Life had this to say about Clement’s use of the Greek word for “head” (transliterated “kephale”) in the letter known as 1 Clement: This passage in 1 Clement is not about leadershi... [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [Gender] [translation practice] [clement] [Paul]

October 6, 12 AM

October 3, 5PM

From New York Times: Reading Chekhov for a few minutes makes you better at decoding what other people are feeling. But spending the same amount of time with a potboiler by Danielle Steel does not have the same effect, scientists reported Thursday. A stri... [literature] [Psychology] [Simon Baron-Cohen]

October 2, 10AM

The Canadian national anthem was written originally in French and had no reference to sons. The translation is not particularly literal, and so in English the phrase “in all our sons’ command” does not reflect any similar phrase in Frenc... [Gender] [translation] [Canadian National Anthem]

September 25, 6AM

Bonnie St. John with her daughter, has written a book called How Great Women Lead. She also has an amazing story of her own. But this leads to the problem of how “great women” are translated from Hebrew into English. What happens to the ̶... [Gender] [Hebrew] [translation]

September 24, 8PM

Let me tell you about a language faux pas I once made.  I was at a conference in Singapore, and speaking in Mandarin with some researchers from mainland China.  Our conversation drifted to the topic of the Mandarin dialect itself.  Because ... [Chinese] [German] [politics] [Russian] [fatherland] [guoyu] [homeland] [Mandarin] [motherland] [putonghua] [vaterland]


                                        I find myself in a bit of a quandary over at God didn’t say that. Somehow we are not communicating. I threw i... [Gender] [Greek]

September 23, 4PM

At long last, I have a copy of the new NA28-NRSV-REB parallel New Testament in my hands. (My copy cost $47.69 from from a US IP address, the current price from that same website is $51.53.  I’ve written before about value in c... [Bible Versions] [Greek] [New Testament] [Book Depository] [bookdepository] [Carrpian] [Eusebius] [NA27] [NA28] [NRSV] [REB] [RSV]

September 22, 11PM

Well, the verdict seems in from across the Commonwealth and the US – including American novels in the Man Booker competition is a bust.  In the New York Times “Room for Debate” discussion they could only find one (out of six) contributor who th... [humor] [publishing] [Anglophilia] [Anglophobia] [hayseeds] [Hilary Mantel] [London black cabs] [Man Booker Award] [Trojan Horse]


Joel Hoffman and our BLT co-blogger Suzanne McCarthy have been discussing whether the Greek phrase ἄνθρωπος (transliterated anthropos) should imply male gender inherently (that is, without the context informing the reader / listener of the sex o... [Uncategorized] [homer] [Iliad] [Richmond Lattimore] [Sappho] [St. Paul]

September 20, 1PM

Ο]ἰ μὲν ἰππήων στρότον οἰ δὲ πέσδων οἰ δὲ νάων φαῖσ᾽ ἐπὶ γᾶν μέλαιναν ἔ]μμεναι κάλλιστον ἔγω δὲ κῆν᾽ ὄττω τὶς ἔπαται. πά]γχυ δ᾽... [English] [fun] [Greek] [Interpretation] [poetry] [translation] [A. S. Kline] [Anne Carson] [Diane Rayor] [Edwin Marion Cox] [Jane McIntosh Snyder] [Jim Powell] [Josephine Balmer] [Julia Dubnoff] [M. L. West] [Margaret Reynolds] [Mary Barnard] [Richmond Lattimore] [Sappho] [Sappho of Mytilene] [Willis Barnstone]

September 18, 9PM

Here is an good story about how Pisistratus got back into power one more time. He was by all accounts a good tyrant, the kind of tyrant that reduced the taxes of the poor, and did good for the citizens. But he was the last tyrant of Athens, and perhaps li... [Gender] [Greek] [translation]

September 17, 2PM

As if Crabb’s Jesus’s “female” literally means “the breast” isn’t confusing enough, let’s just look at where that comes from. It’s from Moving beyond gender stereotypes: An interview [of Jonathan Merritt] with Larry C... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [Linguistics] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [translation] [Jonathan Merritt] [Larry Crabb]


For some time, readers have been able to follow a prayer of Friedrich Nietzsche, that he wrote when only 13 years old. Here it is from a 1982 volume, Nietzche Werke: Kritische Gesamtausgabe: Ich habe nun schon so manches erfahren, freudiges und trauriges,... [biography] [literature] [philosophy] [Flannery O'Connor] [Friedrich Nietzsche] [Prayer]

September 15, 12 PM

More here. Filed under: History, Humor Tagged: 95 theses, lego, Martin Luther, Wittenburg [history] [humor] [95 theses] [lego] [Martin Luther] [Wittenburg]

September 13, 11AM

Just a brief note to let our readers know that the standard one-volume dictionary for classical Greek, Liddell-Scott-Jones (ninth edition), is currently on sale at Oxford University Press for $92.50.  Here is the description of the book at OUP’s w... [Greek] [New Testament] [publishing] [Septuagint] [classical Greek] [Greek-English Lexicon] [Liddell Scott Jones] [Oxford University Press]


In honor of the holiday, I’m posting my friend Adam Byrn Tritt’s essay, “Yom Kippur as Manifest in an Approaching Dorsal Fin.” It’s from his book of the same name, a collection that explores—in essays, poems, and creative... [Book Reviews] [buddhism] [Hebrew] [Judaism] [liturgy]


I wrote the following essay well over six years ago. I’m sharing it with this community now because I think this audience will enjoy it. The only change is where I refer to my friend Adam Byrn Tritt’s short story; I have updated that section t... [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Judaism] [Kabbalah]

September 11, 11PM

Not long ago a friend of mine posted a link on Facebook to an article at The Cripplegate called “Farewell NIV“.  My friend expressed her regret that the NIV (New International Version) of the Bible was gone and said she would miss it. I was ... [Bible Versions] [translation] [NIV]

September 9, 3PM

In this brief series of posts, I want to discuss three important European composers who have their centennial or bicentennial birthdays in 2013 , each of whom has vitally changed musical theater, each of whom is widely celebrated today, and each of whom h... [music] [theater] [2013] [Benjamin Britten] [bicentennial] [birthday] [centennial] [Giuseppe Verdi] [Richard Wagner]

September 4, 4AM

I was amused by this list of 11 Untranslatable [sic] Words From Other Cultures, although more so by the illustrated version that someone posted at GraphJam, where I originally encountered it. My favorite was the Inuit word iktsuarpok: The feeling of antic... [fun] [languages] [inuit] [storytelling] [untranslatable] [urdu]

September 3, 7PM

Dante, the man, allegedly penned the following in a letter to his patron Cangrande, another man. It’s that famous explanation of his (if he actually wrote it) of his Divine Commedy. Of course, he wrote the letter in prose, in Latin, to explain his e... [English] [humor] [Interpretation] [Italian] [Latin] [poetry] [sexism] [translation] [translation practice] [Translation Theory] [Cangrande] [Dante] [Katharine Hilliard] [Maria Adele Garavaglia]

September 1, 10PM

There are several curious matters in the vocabulary of Amos 6:1  in Hebrew, in Greek and in English. I don’t know what to make of it, but will wade through some of them and see where they lead, back to neqabah and ἀρχή - arché – eventu... [Greek] [Hebrew] [Septuagint] [translation]


Brian LePort at his blog Near Emmaus has up the latest “Biblical Studies Carnival” and links to a number of interesting articles. He’s kindly included some links to a few BLT articles; thanks! and Abram K-J at Words on the Word has started a regular... [Administrivia] [Septuagint] [Abram K-J] [Biblical Studies Carnival] [biblioblog carnival] [Brian LePort]

August 31, 9AM

read the whole thing by Zack Hunt at Rachel Held Evans’s blog. Filed under: Christianity, History, Interpretation, Sexism, Social justice Tagged: Rachel Held Evans, trinitarian, Trinity, Zack Hunt [Christianity] [history] [Interpretation] [sexism] [social justice] [Rachel Held Evans] [Trinitarian] [Trinity] [Zack Hunt]

August 30, 10PM

This stuff really freaks me out, so I would like to hear what others think of it. First, Crabb defines women from the etymological root of neqebah, as “bored with a hole,” and then he defines man in this way, Zakar means “to leave a mark, to... [Book Reviews] [sexism] [Uncategorized] [Larry Crabb]

August 29, 2PM

This is not a review of the book but an excerpt from the introduction which can be read in google books. Here is a piece of it, In a world where all authority is questioned and in which our appreciation of real leadership – and especially fatherhood... [Book Reviews] [literature] [Eric Metaxas]


In order to understand the meaning of “head” as used by the apostle Paul, it is helpful to determine its meaning within the language spoken by Paul. The authors of works such as A Greek-English Lexicon by Henry G. Liddell and Robert Scott (Oxf... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [French] [kephale]

August 26, 11AM

Another pesky Hebrew gender question. Here is the King James for the first verse of Psalm 42: As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. A hart, as everybody knows, is a male deer. And the Hebrew word looks like a ... [Hebrew] [translation] [Uncategorized]

August 22, 10PM

I was struck by the following passage in an article in today’s Seattle Times on the Seattle Opera’s 2013 performance of Wagner’s Ring Cycle: Women comprise 38 percent of the regular-season [Seattle Opera] attendees; 32 percent of the [attendees of t... [music] [sexism] [theater] [female] [Margaret Dumont] [Marx Brothers] [Mrs. Claypool] [National Endowment for the Arts] [NEA] [opera] [percentage] [Richard Wagner] [Ring Cycle] [Seattle Opera]

August 19, 5AM

My life flows on in endless song Above earth’s lamentation, I catch the sweet, tho’ far-off hymn That hails a new creation. Through all the tumult and the strife I hear the music ringing; It finds an echo in my soul– How can I keep from ... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [introduction]

August 18, 5AM

Kristen Rosser is now posting also at BLT! You may have read some of her regular comments here. And you may have read and re-read some of her smart and thought-provoking posts elsewhere. These include the following: Book Recommendation: Rose Daughter b... [Administrivia]

August 17, 9AM

This post moves from “grammaire” to the gender of sound. Let’s start by listening to Anne Carson. Here’s a little bit from her essay, “The Gender of Sound”: We have noticed this combinatory tactic already throughout mos... [Gender] [Interpretation] [Linguistics] [sexism] [Ann Richards] [Anne Carson] [Mark Liberman] [Martin L. King] [Martin Luther] [Martin Luther King] [Martin Luther King Jr.] [the gender of sound]

August 16, 5AM

August 15, 3PM

I was following up on Peter’s remark that gender can be variable in Hebrew, not as fixed as in some other languages. I had not been aware of that. I had expected a more fixed gender, and automatic gender agreement. There are lots of commentators tha... [French] [translation] [Beauty and the Beast] [Gender]

August 12, 11PM


It’s old news by now. A privileged judge in Tennessee orders a child’s name to be changed from Messiah Deshawn Martin to Martin DeShawn McCullough. Yesha Callahan (and /or her editor) puts that this way:  “Judge Orders Black Mom to Chan... [humor] [racism]

August 11, 7PM

As it turns out “sin” is firmly feminine and that could make the whole house of cards fall down. The argument goes like this. We don’t know exactly what it means when in Gen. 3:16 it says and your desire shall be for your husband. In fac... [Bible Versions] [Gender] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [translation] [NET Bible] [NLT]


Abram K-J and Kurk got into a bit of a discussion last week about how to describe scholars who are women. Abram wrote: I know it’s becoming more accepted to speak of “women authors,” “women this,” and “women that,” but what we really want t... [English] [feminism] [Gender] [sexism] [adjective] [descriptive] [noun] [prescriptive] [trans inclusive language]


I previously reported on International Commission for the Preparation of an English-language Lectionary (ICPEL) to prepare a new lectionary (for use outside North America) based on the ESV translation.  I remarked: Third, and this is most surprising,... [Bible Versions] [Catholicism] [liturgy] [ESV] [ICPEL] [Ignatius Press] [Mark Coleridge] [NRSV] [RSV] [RSV-2CE]


Thirlwell has selected 12 stories whose originals (which are not printed) are variously written in Danish, Spanish, Dutch, Japanese, German, Arabic, Russian, Serbo-Croat, Italian, Hungarian, English and Italian again. Ten stories are first translated into... [Arabic] [Chinese] [Dutch] [English] [German] [Hungarian] [Interpretation] [Italian] [Japanese] [literature] [publishing] [Russian] [Serbo-Croat] [Spanish] [translation] [Translation Theory] [Adam Thirlwell] [Lucian Robinson]

August 9, 8PM

Now that Kurk has brought up Hysminé’s nostrils, I have to admit that this is even odder than the lack of Adam’s nose. If Adam’s nose is downsized to his face, then Hysminé’s nose is upsized to her nostrils. How odd! Would you tr... [French] [fun] [Greek] [translation]

August 8, 5PM

Yes, it’s true. I feel called back. I have been reading and want to say something as a female writer. But do I want to discuss female issues? Yes, always! However, today my question is about Adam’s nose. What is it doing here, and why does nob... [Hebrew] [translation] [Adam] [nose]

August 7, 3PM

What do you think? The LXX translator’s Hellene for David’s Hebrew (Psalm 23:5) Albert Pietersma’s English translation Lancelot Brenton’s English καὶ τὸ ποτήριόν σου μεθύσκον ὡς κράτιστον “and your cup w... [English] [Greek] [New Testament] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms] [Series: Odd Gospel Greek] [translation] [Albert Pietersma] [Ann Nyland] [Lancelot Brenton] [Lancelot C.L. Brenton] [Willis Barnstone]

August 6, 2PM

July 23, 5AM

I have to thank our BLT co-blogger, Suzanne, for getting me, for drawing many of us, into blogging about the Bible. She humbly suggests that it was somebody else who asked her to blog on Psalm 68 some time ago; with some reluctance, Suzanne says, she bega... [Administrivia] [Psalm 68 Commentary]

July 21, 3PM

This post is another in a series on the interpretive spins and literary sparks in the Greek translation of the Hebrew Tehillim called Ψαλμοὶ (or Psalms). Translating the Septuagint (LXX) Greek into English, Albert Pietersma has noted that there are... [Bible Versions] [Dead Sea Scrolls] [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [history] [Interpretation] [literature] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms] [theater] [translation] [Albert Pietersma] [Ann Nyland] [Mona Bias] [Robert Alter] [Wayne Leman]

July 20, 5AM

“Just don’t call them children.” That’s the final sentence, the last paragraph, the final conclusion of L.A. Times reporter Michael McGough in his recent op-ed piece, “Was Trayvon Martin a ‘child’ or a ‘youth... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [Journalism] [New Testament] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [translation] [Michael McGough] [Trayvon Martin]

July 18, 8AM

Before we were co-blogging here, Theophrastus and I discussed at one of my blogs what he called the “classic missionary focus” of Bible translation. Today, blogger Rod at the blog Political Jesus has posted something along those lines with his... [Christianity] [history] [politics] [racism] [translation] [British and Foreign Bible Society] [classic missionary focus] [Rod of Alexandria] [Rod the Rogue Demon Hunter] [RodtRDH]

July 16, 3PM

I’m reading three books at once, which is impossible. Or should I maybe more correctly say that the three books that I’m reading are impossible? They are three books by two psychiatrists about their respective fathers. Their fathers are very f... [biography] [literature] [Adler] [Bernard Malamud] [Freud] [Greg Bellow] [Janna Malamud Smith] [Jung] [Paul Tournier] [Saul Bellow]


There are a number of things in China that are not spoken in public easily. Chinese speaker Julian Baird Gewirtz, writing for The Huffington Post, did manage to report publicly on his hearing and presumably speaking “a marvelous bilingual pun”... [Chinese] [English] [feminism] [fun] [Gender] [sexuality] [theater] [translation] [translation practice] [Didi Kirsten Tatlow] [Eve Ensler] [Hamlet] [Ji Hang] [Julian Baird Gewirtz] [Lin Han] [Mikhail Epstein] [Pearl S. Buck] [The Vagina Monologues] [Wang Chong] [William Shakespeare]

July 14, 10PM

The New York Times is reporting that Carmel O’Shannessy has found a language in its formative period of creation in northern Australia.   But I think its lead exaggerates O’Shannessy’s claims: There are many dying languages in the world. B... [Linguistics] [Carmel O'Shannessy] [Light Warlpiri]

July 12, 3PM

Today for us there are at least two problems with reading Aristotle’s poetry. The first is that it’s poetry that is Greek. The second is that it is Aristotle’s. Let’s read anway. First let’s read what certain readers of Greek... [English] [fun] [Greek] [history] [Interpretation] [literature] [music] [philosophy] [poetry] [Rhetoric] [translation] [Alcaeus] [Andrew L. Ford] [aristotle] [C. S. Lewis] [C. Z. Elgin] [David A. Campbell] [derrida] [Diogenes Laertios] [George A. Kennedy] [J. A. Symonds] [Jeffrey Walker] [Loeb Classical Library] [Pindar] [Platonists] [Sappho] [Solon] [Sophocles] [Virginia Woolf]

July 11, 3PM

Various news media (such as this report) are reporting on a conference in Zhejiang province held on more than 200 objects at the Zhuangqiao archeological site dating back to Liangzhu culture.  The objects are 5,000 years old.  Consider this sto... [Chinese] [Linguistics] [cuneiform] [inscriptions] [Liangshu culture] [oracle bones] [Sumerian] [writing systems] [Zhejiang province] [Zhuangqiao] [Zhuangqiao inscriptions]

July 10, 5PM

We discussed the A. D. Harvey affair back in April. Now the Guardian newspaper has an extended (and partly) profile on A. D. Harvey – it is currently on the front page of the US web edition of the Guardian. AD Harvey doesn’t deny he is the creator... [literature] [A. D. Harvey] [Eric Naiman] [Graham Headley] [Janis Blodnieks] [John Schellenberger] [Leo Bellingham] [Ludovico Parra] [Michael Lindsay] [Stephanie Harvey] [Stephen Harvey] [Trevor McGovern]

July 9, 2PM

Robert Alter has been hitting the book tour circuit promoting his translation of the former prophets, Ancient Israel, which we noted here.  Here are some interviews: Forum with Michael Krasny (audio interview) Forward Jewish Ledger And some review... [Book Reviews] [Hebrew Bible] [publishing] [Adam Kirsch] [Ancient Israel] [Former Prophets] [Robert Alter]

July 6, 7AM

I thought BLT readers might be interested in this excerpt from Pope Francis’ first encyclical letter, Lumen Fidei (English title On Faith), released yesterday. This is paragraph 23, the first paragraph of chapter 2. (I’ve added some paragraph ... [Catholicism] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Septuagint] [augustine] [Encyclical] [faith] [Isaiah] [Lumen fidei] [NAB] [NABRE] [NJB] [Pope Francis] [truth] [understanding] [wordplay]

July 2, 5PM

Craig Fehrman reviewed in the Boston Globe Hannah Sullivan’s The Work of Revision.  I have not read Sullivan’s book, so I do not know which ideas in Fehrman’s review are his own and which are Sullivan.  However I do not understand the argu... [literature] [Technology] [Ben Jonson] [Craig Fehrman] [Ezra Pound] [First Folio] [Hamlet] [Hannah Sullivan] [King Lear] [Quartos] [Shakespeare] [T. S. Eliot] [The Work of Revision] [typewriters] [Virginia Woolf]

July 1, 3PM

“We’re very much leaving it up to the imaginations of the authors. We have talked with them about following the spirit of the plays, but it isn’t helpful for them to have to paint by numbers. We want them to bring all of their imaginatio... [Cinema] [literature] [publishing] [theater] [Ann Tyler] [Belinda Luscombe] [Clara Farmer] [Curtis Sittenfeld] [Jane Austen] [Jeanette Winterson] [Joanna Trollope] [Joss Whedon] [Juliet Brooke] [Val McDermid] [William Shakespeare]

June 29, 9AM

Theophrastus (our co-blogger) here has shared a number of wonderful books he’s picked up from the OUP 2013 Spring Sale. I’d like to begin to discuss one of them: Aristotle as Poet: Song for Hermias and Its Contexts by Andrew L. Ford. Fortunate... [English] [German] [history] [Interpretation] [Italian] [Latin] [literature] [New Testament] [poetry] [politics] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [sexism] [social justice] [translation] [Translation Theory] [Andrew L. Ford] [Anne Carson] [aristotle] [Christopher North] [H. Rackham] [J. H. Freese] [Julius Caesar Scaliger] [Pindar]


…Maimonides’s treatise On Asthma. Inspired by Greek texts, it was written in Arabic in the 12th century by a Jewish physician for an Islamic patron, and translated to the Western world in Latin by Christian scholars. Thanks to its remarkable... [Arabic] [Christianity] [Greek] [history] [Islam] [Judaism] [Latin] [translation] [chicken soup] [diet] [Madeleine Pelner Cosman] [Maimonides] [medieval medicine] [nutrition]

June 28, 8PM

  Oxford University Press is having its 2013 Spring Sale through July 11– and has an absolutely terrible website presentation of it. I’ve received two sets through this sale – both at 65% off and I am delighted with both of them (reviews to... [Book Reviews] [buddhism] [Christianity] [English] [Greek] [Hinduism] [Judaism] [Latin] [Linguistics] [literature] [philosophy] [poetry] [publishing] [religion] [Reviews] [Rhetoric] [Sacred books] [theology] [Aaron Levine] [Adele Berlin] [Albert Welter] [Andrew Hurley] [Andrew L. Ford] [Architects of Piety] [Aristotle as Poet] [Bernard Schweizer] [Bertrand Russell] [Cappadocian Fathers] [Christian Kay] [Christopher Bryan] [Classic Asian Philosophy] [Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt] [Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World] [Desert Christians] [Febe Armanios] [Graham Oppy] [Hating God] [Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary] [History of Western Philosophy] [Irené Wotherspoon] [Jan Westerhoff] [Jane Roberts] [Jarrod L. Whitaker] [Joel J. Kupperman] [Joel Myerson] [John G. Gager] [John Greco] [Laura Dassow Walls] [Maxine Grossman] [Mendelssohn] [Michael Gagarin] [Michael Samuels] [Naxos] [Nick Trakakis] [Oxford University Press] [R. Larry Todd] [Sandra Harbert Petrulionis] [Strong Arms and Drinking Strength] [The History of Western Philosophy of Religion] [The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion] [The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome] [The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics] [The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism] [The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism] [The Resurrection of the Messiah] [Twelve Examples of Illusion] [Vasiliki M. Limberis] [William Harmless] [Yongming Yanshou's Conception of Chan in the Zongjing lu]


Without getting too ambiguously punny, I want to note a couple of blog things. First, as Theophrastus announced some time ago, google is moving on to other things and is leaving us without google reader. Anyone who uses it is advised before the month̵... [Administrivia] [humor]

June 26, 10PM

Criterion, arguably the best label releasing DVDs and Blu-ray disks today, this week released DVD and Blu-ray versions of Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah – a nine hour plus collection   of interviews about the Holocaust.  There is no direct vio... [Cinema] [history] [A Visitor from the Living] [Claude Lanzmann] [Criterion] [Holocaust] [Jan Karski] [Shoah] [Sobibor] [Sobibor concentration camp revolt] [The Karski Report] [Theresienstadt] [Yehuda Lerner]

June 24, 4PM

A long time ago, when I was studying third year Japanese, I was translating a short story that itself was a translation from English.  The story itself was quite good, but I was not sure what the name of the author was in Roman characters.  My t... [literature] [Enemy Within] [Hell House] [Nightmare at 20000 Feet] [Richard Matheson] [Short Stories] [Twilight Zone]

June 21, 4PM

In what has to be the most hyped regional event in the English North-East, the Lindisfarne Gospels are on display in Durham – after four centuries of absence.  BBC Radio 3 had an entertaining program (still downloadable from iPlayer) in which child... [art] [New Testament] [David Almond] [Durham] [Durham Cathedral] [Gillian Reynolds] [Lindisfarne Gospels] [Michelle Brown] [North East] [Skellig] [Tyne] [Tyneside]
Happy solstice. 2013 June 16th was a great Bloomsday – the traditional day for celebrating and reading James Joyce’s Ulysses (the novel is set on 1904 June 16th). The New York Times had a great piece on Bloomsday memories, here are two of my favorite... [literature] [Bloomsday 2013] [Colm Tobin] [Colum McCann] [Isaiah Sheffer] [James Joyce] [Judy Blume] [Pacifica] [Ulysses] [WBAI]

June 18, 8PM

Here and here, I complained about the poor quality of Gregory Nagy’s “MOOC” online course on the Ancient Greek Hero. Today, I received the newly published textbook that Nagy wrote for the (traditional) course he regularly teaches.  Despite the ... [pedagogy] [publishing] [Technology] [CB22x] [EdX] [Gregory Nagy] [HarvardX] [homer] [humanism] [humanities] [Iliad] [Massively Open Online Course] [MOOC] [MOOCs] [The Ancient Greek Hero] [The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours]

June 13, 10AM

Questions:  what can we learn from this video?  What stereotypes does this video assume?  Is it about the nail after all? Filed under: Egalitarianism, Humor Tagged: it is not about the nail, It's not about the nail [Egalitarianism] [humor] [it is not about the nail] [It's not about the nail]

June 12, 5PM

June 10, 6PM

In a recent post in my series on the problem on MOOCs, I mentioned how bizarre the multiple choice questions in Gregory Nagy’s course CB22x:  The Ancient Greek Hero have been.  Now, I find from a perceptive in-depth report in the New Yorker th... [pedagogy] [Technology] [Achilles] [Agamemmon] [CB22x] [Gregory Nagy] [HarvardX] [humanities] [Iliad] [Massively Open Online Courses] [MOOC] [MOOCs] [The Ancient Greek Hero] [The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours]

June 9, 11AM

As I wrote a few weeks ago, Sundown: Whispers of Ragnarok is a song cycle, an album, and a musical play that retells the history of the world according to Norse mythology, focusing especially on the relationship between Odin and Loki, and the death of Bal... [literature] [music] [poetry] [translation] [a capella] [Ada Palmer] [Baldur] [Icelandic] [Icelandic Sagas] [Loki] [norse myth] [Odin] [performance] [Poetic Edda] [Prose Edda] [Ragnarök] [Sassafrass] [Snorri] [song cycle] [Theodicy] [Twilight of the Gods] [Vikings]

June 1, 7AM

Last weekend, I picked up a button/badge that says, Lingua mortua sola lingua bona est which is Latin for “The only good language is a dead language.” Tee-hee! I’m planning to wear it around bookstores, cafes, and the like, in hopes t... [fun] [Latin] [geekdom] [just kidding]

May 29, 11AM

In 2012, I wrote a series of posts on the literary sparks and the interpretive spins in the Hebraic-Hellene translation called “the Psalms.”  From this Septuagint, we actually get this name “Psalms,” from the Greek word, Ψαλμ... [English] [Greek] [Hebrew] [Hebrew Bible] [Interpretation] [New Testament] [poetry] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [Series: LXX Psalms] [theater] [Albert Pietersma] [Ann Nyland] [Geza Vermes] [gospels] [Herbert Weir Smyth] [Hermes] [jesus] [Prometheus] [Robert Alter]

May 27, 6AM

Some twenty-eight black workmen went to the site, re-buried the Union dead properly, and built a high fence around the cemetery. They whitewashed the fence and built an archway over an entrance on which they inscribed the words, “Martyrs of the Race... [feminism] [Gender] [history] [racism] [sexism] [social justice] [womanism] [age] [Audre Lorde] [bell hooks] [Caryn Riswald] [class] [David W. Blight] [Jacqueline Jones Royster] [lesbianism] [memorial day] [Rob Bell] [RodtRDH] [Tony Jones]

May 26, 4PM

As my BLT co-blogger Theophrastus noted a few days ago, our “posting will be light” this month.  We are definitely excited about a few things, and I’m glad my co-blogger Victoria posted about Sundown: Whispers of Ragnarok and then prom... [Administrivia] [Jorge Luis Borges] [Rod the Rogue Demon Hunter] [RodtRDH] [Ruth Ozeki] [The Great Gatsy]

May 18, 7AM

I’m terrifically excited about the Sundown project, and I figured a number of BLT readers would be as well. After all, where else can you possibly find Viking-themed a cappella music telling stories of the Norse Gods, focusing on Odin, Loki, the mur... [literature] [music] [translation] [Uncategorized] [a capella] [Ada Palmer] [Baldur] [Icelandic Sagas] [Loki] [norse myth] [Odin] [performance] [Ragnarök] [Sassafrass] [Snorri] [song cycle] [Twilight of the Gods]

May 14, 1PM

First, a happy Shavuos (celebrating the giving the of the Torah at Mt. Sinai) to all those celebrating and a happy Pentecost (celebrating the Holy Ghost descending on the early Christian apostles) to all those celebrating. These holidays are sometimes cel... [Administrivia] [Armenian Bible] [Grand Vizier] [Joseph] [Mississippi Fred MacDowell] [Mrs. Potiphar] [Pentecost] [Shavuos] [Shavuot] [Turkish Board of Publication]

May 9, 12 AM

Geoguessr is an Internet game in which you are plopped somewhere in the world – with only Google Street View to guide you.  You need to look around and try to guess where you are.  It is surprisingly fun – and even a bit addictive. Filed un... [fun] [game] [geography] [Geoguessr] [Google Street View]

May 8, 3PM

Dallas Willard passed away this morning after battling cancer. His last words were, “Thank you.” Many of his words, I think, are going to have a lasting impact on a lot of us. For many Christians, he’s a speaker and author who has critiq... [Christianity] [Egalitarianism] [philosophy] [social justice] [translation] [Dallas Willard] [Edmund Husserl] [phenomenology]

May 6, 12 PM

Phillip Patterson, struggling with AIDS, has taken four years out of his life to handwrite out a King James Bible.  See the article here, a blog here, and a set of photographs here. For Bible nerds out there, it appears he is using the Hendrickson fa... [Bible Versions] [AIDS] [Handwriting] [King James Version] [Phillip Patterson] [Roman type]

May 1, 11AM

April 28, 2PM

The Women in Theology blog introduces five new authors: Amaryah Shaye, Brandy Daniels, Janice Rees, Maria McDowell, and Elissa Cutter join Bridget, Elizabeth, Julia, Katie Grimes, and Sonja in this collaborative blog which provides an online space for gra... [Christianity] [feminism] [theology] [ecumenism] [graduate students] [women in theology]

April 26, 2AM

Amy Guttman (president of the University of Pennsylvania) on Charlie Rose (April 25th) regarding online education: We have to acknowledge there are skeptics out there and I like to give the example of the skeptic who said, you know, “this new invention ... [pedagogy] [Amy Guttman] [Benjamin Franklin] [Charlie Rose] [David Hume] [Greek Alphabet] [Hieroglyphics] [Linear A] [Linear B] [McGuffy Readers] [metaphor] [MOOCs] [New England Primer] [online education] [Peter Lombard] [Phaedrus] [Phoenecian] [sentences] [Socrates] [Webster Blue Back Spellers]

April 24, 12 PM


Some of the faculty members who work with me this week got into that tired argument again over whether the plural of syllabus is correctly “syllabuses” or “syllabi.”  (I think I’d said “syllabuses” out loud in a ... [English] [fun] [Greek] [history] [humor] [Interpretation] [Linguistics] [literature] [New Testament] [pedagogy] [Rhetoric] [Septuagint] [translation] [dictionary] [etymology] [Joseph Bottum] [lexicon] [Mark Liberman]

April 23, 10AM

I frequently buy books from  Book Depository is reasonably fast (most purchases arrive within a week), offers free shipping to pretty nearly anywhere, and features prices that are often better than Amazon.  (Book Depository s... [publishing] [Amazon] [Book Depository] [bookdepository] [] [] [proxy] [UK]

April 19, 6PM

With news of the Boston marathon bombers being of Chechen descent, Petr Gandalovič, the Czech Ambassador to the United States, feels it is necessary to explain that the Czech Republic is not the same as Chechnya in an official statement:   As more ... [politics] [Boston marathon bombers] [Chechnya] [Czech Republic] [dumb as doornails] [Petr Gandalovič]
The Telegraph is reporting a claim by Abraham Skorka, an Argentinian rabbi and long-time friend of the new pope, that Francis will open the long-sealed Vatican files on Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli), who served as pope 1939-1958.  These files may shed l... [history] [Abraham Skorka] [Eugenio Pacelli] [Francis] [Hitler's Pope] [Holocaust] [Pius XII] [Pope Francis] [Pope Pius XII]


I am very impressed by the Denis Minns and Paul Parvis edition of Justin Martyr’s Apologies (part of the Oxford Early Christian Texts series).  Not only is the text interesting on its own terms, but it strikes me as a model of how to present Christ... [Christianity] [philosophy] [religion] [Denis Minns] [Eusebius] [Henry Chadwick] [Justin] [Justin martyr] [Justin Philosopher and Martyr] [Miroslav Marcovich] [Oxford Early christian Texts] [Paul Parvis]

April 17, 5AM

Yesterday marked the 50th anniversary of the “Letter from a Birmingham Jail.” This week Barnett Wright, journalist and author of 1963: How the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement Changed America and the World, blogged to remind us all how Martin ... [history] [Interpretation] [Journalism] [literature] [politics] [publishing] [racism] [Rhetoric] [social justice] [Uncategorized] [Barnett Wright] [Jonathan Bass] [Keith D. Miller] [Letter from a Birmingham Jail] [Lynn Z. Bloom] [Martin Luther King Jr.] [Theodore Pappas] [Willie Pearl Mackey] [Wyatt Tee Walker]

April 16, 3PM

From the Los Angeles Times:  Aspiring astronauts and wannabe reality TV stars, take note: A nonprofit that aims to send the first human colonists to Mars by 2023 will start taking applications in July of this year. Mars One, the Netherlands-based or... [Television] [Mars] [Mars One] [reality television]


For an introduction to this series see here and here. I wanted to gain some perspective on MOOCs, so I signed up to take one.  The course I signed up for Gregory Nagy’s heavily hyped EdX/HarvardX course CB22x:  The Ancient Greek Hero.  Ha... [pedagogy] [Technology] [Achilles] [Agamemnon] [Apollo] [CB22x] [Chryseis] [EdX] [Gregory Nagy] [HarvardX] [homer] [humanism] [humanities] [Iliad] [Massively Open Online Course] [MOOC] [MOOCs] [The Ancient Greek Hero] [The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours]

April 15, 7PM

It is all a giant bizarre tale unwound by UC Berkeley’s Eric Naiman.  I find myself unable to describe or even to paraphrase it, except to say that it begins with an account of when Dickens met Dostoyevsky, and then takes a turn for the weird. It is, p... [literature] [A. D. Harvey] [Charles Dickens] [Claire Tomalin] [Eric Naiman] [F. R. Leavis] [fyodor dostoyevsky] [Graham Headley] [John Schellenberger] [Leo Bellingham] [Ludovico Parra] [Malcolm Andrews] [Michael Hollington] [Michael Lindsay] [Michiko Kakutani] [Oxford: a novel] [Stephanie Harvey] [Times Literary Supplement] [Trevor McGovern] [W. A. Speck]


Granta today has released its influential “once-a-decade” list of twenty promising British writers.  In the past, the list has identified then little-known authors who later came to be major literary figures, including Martin Amis, Pat Barker, Sa... [literature] [Granta] [Granta 2013 list] [Jeannette Witherspoon] [Liar's Gospel] [Martin Amis] [Midnight's children] [Naomi Alderman] [Pat Barker] [Salman Rushdie] [Sunjeev Sahota] [Zadie Smith]



“Despite admirable achievements from outstanding musical women in Chicago, the fact remains that women often aren’t making it onto ‘power lists’—whether informal or in print. The men in our community have been far more successful in amassing soc... [Egalitarianism] [feminism] [music] [sexism] [social justice] [Sociology] [Cecilia Rouse] [Claudia Goldin] [Edna Phillips] [Ellen McSweeney]